(by: Solomon P. thomas)
c o n t e t n t
1. Holy Spirit - An Introduction to the Study
2. Holy Spirit - Personality
3. Holy Spirit - Deity
4. Holy Spirit - Names and Titles Person of the Holy Spirit
5. Holy Spirit - Sin against the Holy Spirit
6. Holy Spirit - Types and Symbols
7. Holy Spirit - In the Trinity
8. Holy Spirit in the Old Testament
9. Holy Spirit and the Scripture
10. Holy Spirit in the Life of Christ
11. Holy Spirit in Salvation
12. Holy Spirit - Baptism of the Holy Spirit
13. Holy Spirit - Indwelling
14. Holy Spirit - Filling
15. Holy Spirit - Anointing
16. Holy Spirit - Other Works Work of the Holy Spirit
17. Holy Spirit - Fruit of the spirit
18. Holy Spirit - Gifts - General
19. Holy Spirit - Gifts - Ministerial gifts
20. Holy Spirit - Gifts - Motivational gifts
21. Holy Spirit - Gifts - Mainfestational gifts
22. Holy Spirit - Gifts - Discovery
23. Holy Spirit - Gifts - Speaking in Tongues
24. Holy Spirit - Gifts - Exercise
25. Holy Spirit in the Future
Lesson - 1
An Introduction to the study
The Holy Sprit is the least understood and neglected person in the triune Godhead. The subject of the Holy Spirit is one of the most misunderstood and misinterpreted topics. There is much perplexity and false notion in the minds of many people about the Holy Spirit. A proper understanding of the person and work of the Holy Spirit is basic to many Biblical doctrines. A great company of folks are misguided and misled by the deception of Satan.
'Pneumatology' is the systematic study of the person and work of the Holy Spirit. The word Pneumatology is derived from two Greek words "pneuma" which means "wind" or "spirit" and "logos" which means "word" - combining to mean "the study of the Holy Spirit." The revelation concerning the Holy Spirit was progressive.
Importance of this study
1. He is God. He is one of the members of the Triune Godhead. Equal to Father and the Son. God the Father sent Him by the request of God the Son. Wherever there is a doctrine concerning God, Satan is also active to confuse people.
® Latter day's movement teaches that the Holy Spirit is a son of God the Father.
® Jehovah Witnesses teach that the Holy Spirit is God's active force
® Some Pentecostals teach that He is only a giver of supernatural gifts.
® Some new age movements teach that He is a mode of God rather a distinct person.
2. This age: The age of grace is also called the age of the Holy Spirit. The permanent dwelling of Holy Spirit is the specialty of this age.
3. 352 times His is mentioned in the Bible (88 times in OT and 264 times in NT). Holy Spirit is a vast subject in the Bible. We need to explore the ministry of the Holy Spirit, by analyzing the Word of God and not by our experiences.
4. He is the subject to much error. Many people have a false understanding about the Holy Spirit. A systematic study would answer many questions.
® When does a believer receive the Holy Spirit? At conversion or in a subsequent experience?
® Can we lose Holy Spirit? Does He leave when we sin?
® Are all believers anointed by the Holy Spirit?
® What is the baptism of the Holy Spirit?
5. He has a vital part in the life of a believer. We are convicted, regenerated, baptized, sealed, filled, gifted, etc.. by the Holy Spirit. He is in us, with us and upon us.
6. The Holy Spirit has been active in all ages. In creation, revelation, regeneration, even in the future … He is active.
7. The Holy Spirit is the promise of the Father (Lk.24:49)
Lesson - 2
The Personality of the Holy Spirit
(John 14:16, 26)
Who is the Holy Spirit? Is He only a power? or a divine force? The Bible clearly teaches that the Holy Spirit is a divine person. But this has been denied throughout the ages and even in recent times by many liberal theologians. In the fourth century AD Arius called Him the ‘exerted energy of God’. He is called Holy Spirit as only an influence exerted from the Father. He was condemned in the Council of Nicea in 325 AD. But his teachings continue among Unitarianism and cults such as Jehovah Witnesses etc. Those who deny His distinct personality substitute the word ‘personification’ for personality. There is no place either in the Old or in the New Testament where Holy Spirit is ever said to be a “power,” or “force.” God has power (Lk. 1:35) and the Holy Spirit has power (Mica 3:8; Luke 4:14).
The following discussion proves the personality of the Spirit.
1. He has the ‘Attributes’ of personality.
Personal characteristics are ascribed to the Holy Spirit. ‘Spirituality’ is the essential attribute of personality. The Holy Spirit has it. Personality may be simply defined as possessing intellect, emotions and will. These three elements are essential for a person. When we think of a person we usually think of a body. Must a person have a body? What happens when a human being dies? Only the body dies, but the person continues to exist forever, either in heaven or hell. We have the example of the rich man in Luke 16.
® Spirit has intellect (1 Cor.2.10,11; Isa.11.2; Rom.8.27)
® Spirit has emotions (Eph.4.30; Rom.15.30)
® Spirit has will (1 Cor.12.11; Acts.16.6 - 11)
2. He has the ‘Actions’ of personality.
® He teaches (Jn.14.26; 16.15)
® He directs (Acts.8.29)
® He testifies (Jn.15.26; Rom.8.16)
® He guides (Rom.8.14)
® He convinces (Jn.16.7,8)
® He restrains (Gen.6.3)
® He intercedes (Rom.8.26)
® He appoints men to office (Acts 13:2, 20:28)
® He speaks (Act.10:19)
3. He has the ‘Ascriptions’ of personality.
® He is obeyed (Acts.10.19-21)
® He is lied to (Acts. 5.3)
® He is resisted (Acts.7.51)
® He is grieved (Eph.4.30)
® He is blasphemed against (Mt.12.31)
® He is outraged (Hb.10.29)
® He is reverenced (Ps.51.11)
4. He has the ‘accounts’ of personality.
This means that even grammatically we can prove the personality of the Spirit. Personal pronouns are used of the Spirit such as He, Him, whom, Himself, who, etc. The Greek word for the Spirit, ‘Pneuma’ is in neuter gender. But the pronouns for the Spirit are always masculine.
® "He shall teach you" (Jn.14:26)
® "He shall testify of me" (Jn.15:26)
® "He will reprove the world"(Jn.16:8)
® "He will guide you" (Jn.16:13)
® "He shall glorify me" (Jn.16:14)
5. He has the ‘Associations’ of personality.
® He is associated with the apostles, Acts.15.28.
® He is associated with the Lord, Jn.16.14; 14.16. “Another” here is ‘Allos’ in Greek, which means ‘another of the same kind’.
® He is associate with the Father and the Son, Mt.28.19,20; 2 Cor. 13.14.
® As He is a Person we can relate with Him. Lk.1.35; Acts.10.38; Rom.15.13; 1 Cor.2.4
6. He has the 'appellations' of personality.
His names prove that Holy Spirit is a person.
® The Greek word ‘parakletos’ for ‘Comforter’ is masculine gender. Jn.14.16,26; 16.7. 'Parakletos' can not be used to an impersonal thing or a power.
® The word 'Earnest' in Eph. 1:14)
7. He has the 'authority' of the personality
We are asked to baptize in the name of Father, Son and the Holy Spirit
® "Go therefore and make disciples of people of all nations, baptising them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit." (Mat. 28:19)
All this goes to prove that the Bible is emphatically clear on its affirmation on the personality of the Holy Spirit. The one in us, with us and upon us is a living person. He is a person and not just a power. He is a Powerful Person! "Holy Spirit is a living person, for He can be approached or shunned, trusted or doubted, loved or hated, adored or insulted".
Lesson - 3
The deity of the Holy Spirit
We have seen that the Holy Spirit is a person, He is a unique person. He is a divine person. Although the Holy Spirit is explicitly called God (Act.5:3), many have questioned the deity of the Holy Spirit. Some consider the Holy Spirit as inferior to God the father and God the Son. Forth century Arianism taught that Jesus was created by the Father, the view also taught that the Son created the Spirit. But Bible clearly affirms that He is God, equal to God the Father and God the Son, possessing all the divine attributes and authority of God. The following points prove His Deity. The deity of the Holy Spirit is very much bound up with the doctrine of the Trinity; a denial of the one is a denial of the other. Most of the people who deny the deity of Jesus Christ deny the deity of the Holy Spirit too. Denying His deity is a sin against the Holy Spirit.
1. He has the Divine Affirmations
The Scriptural confirmations prove the deity of the Holy Spirit.
® Holy Spirit is expressly called "God" (Acts 5:3,4).
® Word interchanges for God and the Holy Spirit. See also 1 Cor.3:16 and 6:19 'temple of God', 'temple of the Holy Spirit.
® "Yahweh" in Is.6:8-13 is ascribed to the Holy Spirit in Acts 28:25 by Apostle Paul
2. He has the Divine Appellations
The names in the Bible show One's position, character etc. Holy Spirit has names which only God can have. Hs titles prove His deity.
® "Spirit of God" (1Cor.3:16)
® "Spirit of the Lord" (Isa. 61:1)
® “The Spirit of our God” (1 Cor. 6.11; Rom.8:9,14; 1 Cor.2:11; 12:3; Eph.4:30)
® “The Spirit of Jesus” (Rom8:9)
® "Spirit of Christ" (1 Pet.1:11)
® 16 times He is related by name to the other two persons of the trinity.
3. He has Divine Attributes
He possesses all the divine attributes of God. All the divine attributes ascribed to the Father and the Son are equally ascribed to the Holy Spirit.
® Omniscience (1 Cor.2.10-12) – He knows all things
® Omnipresence (Ps.139.7-10) – He is present every where.
® Omnipotence (Jb.33.4; 1 Pt.3.18; Lk.1:35-37) – He is all powerful.
® Eternality (Heb.9.14) "eternal Spirit" – He is eternal
® Truthfulness (1Jn.5.6; Jn.14.6) – He is true
® Sovereignty (Is.40:13, Jn.3:8) – He is sovereign
4. He has the Divine Actions
The Deity of the Holy Spirit is seen in His actions.
® He creates (Gen.1.2; Jb.23:4.13; 26:13; 27.3; Ps.33.6; 104.30)
® He begets – He begot the Son of God (Mat.1:20; Lk.1:35), He begets the believers too "born of the spirit"(Jn.3:6)
® He imparts life (Rom.8:11, Eze.37:14, 2Cor.3:6; Jn.3:6)
® He inspires (2 Pt.1.21 with 2 Tim.3.16)
® He convicts (Jn.16.8)
® He regenerates (Jn.3.6)
® He sanctifies (2 Thess. 2.13; 1 Pet.1.2)
5. He has Divine Associations
® His association in creation (Eccl.12.1; Gen.1.1; Gen.1.2; Jo.33:4)
® His association in glory (Jn.12.41; Acts 28.25 with Isa.6.1-13)
® His association in revelation (Hb.10.15-17 with Jer.31.31-34)
® His association in resurrection (Acts. 2.32; Gal.1.1; Jn.10.18; 1 Pt.3.18)
® His association in authority (Mt.12.31,32; Acts. 5.3,4)
® His association in blessing (2 Cor.13.14; Num.6.24 -26)
6. He has Divine Authority
® Calling people for the ministry (Act.13:2) "set apart …. I have called them"
® Baptismal formula (Mat.28:19) "In the name of … Holy Spirit"
® Authority in giving gifts (1 Cor.12:4)
He is God, equal to God the Father and the Son, so our duty to worship Him, Witness Him and Work for Him.
® At the vision of the great God, Moses hasted to worship, Exo.34,
® David desired to walk before Him Ps.139.23,24 and
® Isaiah humbled to work Isa.6.
Lesson - 4
the names and titles of the Holy Spirit
What is the personal name of the Holy Spirit? The Bible doesn’t give us His name. But there are various titles and descriptions used for the Holy Spirit. Those titles reveal His identity, office, nature, position and character of the Holy Spirit. Holy Spirit in the Bible is known by many names and titles. Over 100 different names and descriptive titles are used in the Scripture for the Holy Spirit. Each of these names denote His identity, deity, nature and action of His ministry. A study of His names will help us to know more about His person and work.
1. the Holy Spirit (Ps.51:11; Lk.11:13; Eph.1:13-14)
The most common name is the Holy Spirit. The word “Spirit” means "breath" (Jn.20:22) or "wind" (Jn.3:6-8). The Spirit is the outbreathing of God, His life going forth to quicken. He is invisible. 'Holy' means "set apart" or "sacred"; It speaks of His 'uniqueness' and matchlessness. The title 'Holy Spirit' emphasizes the essential and moral character of the Spirit. He is holy in Himself and imparts holiness to others. One sure sign of a Spirit-filled life unmistakably is holiness of life. The One in us is Holy and He demands a holy life from us.
2. spirit of god (1 Cor.3:16)
The first name found in the Bible is the “Spirit of God” (Gen1:2). This shows that He is divine. This name emphasizes the divine origin, character and power of the Holy Spirit (Rom.8:9, 1 Cor.3:16). The Holy Spirit has other divine names also like "Spirit of the Lord" (Isa.61:1). “The Spirit of Jesus” (Acts. 16.7), "Spirit of Christ" (1 Pet.1:11) etc. This title unquestionably proves His deity. He is God.
3. Spirit of Truth (Jn.14:16-17; 16:13; 1 Cor.2:12-16)
He is the embodiment and source of all truth. This name signifies, the work of the Spirit, leading us into all truth (Jn.16:13). As the spirit of truth, His ministry includes:
- Guide us unto all truth (Jn.16:13a)
- Reveals the things to come (Jn.16:13b)
- Glorify Christ (Jn.16:14)
4. intercessor (Rom.8:26; Heb.7:25)
We have Christ as our intercessor in the presence to God praying for us (Rom.8:34; Heb.7:25). He is the 'heavenly intercessor'. The Holy Spirit in us is interceding for us - He is the 'indwelling intercessor'. The Holy Spirit comes alongside to lend assistance as He sustains us before the throne of grace. He helps in our weakness. He interprets our groaning as we approach God. He presents our groaning perfect before God. He is the One who comes between God and man in prayer. We do not know how to pray, He helps us to pray according to the will of God.
5. Comforter (Jn. 14:16; 15:26; 16:7)
"Parakletos" is the Greek word used, can be translated as comforter, helper, counselor and advocate. Jesus Christ is the advocate in the presence of the God the Father (1 Jn.2:1). Another comforter (Jn.14:16), Allos' in Greek which means 'another of the same kind'.
As a 'Parakletos', His ministries are:
Helping - (Jn.14:13) 'abide with you for ever'. He never departs from us.
Teaching - (Jn. 14:26) 'teach you all things' – related to spiritual matters.
Witnessing - (Jn.15:26) 'testify the Lord'
Reproving - (Jn.16:7) 'reprove the world of sin, of righteousness, and of judgment. He convicts people of their sins. 'Convict' is 'to bring legal action against'. He convinces people of righteousness and judgment.
6. earnest (Eph.1:13-14; 2 Cor.1:22;5:5)
The Apostle Paul uses this title three times for the Holy Spirit. Believers received the Holy Spirit as a pledge. The gift of the Spirit to believers is a down payment that guarantees our heavenly inheritance. He is the earnest of our inheritance. What we received is just a shadow of things to come. We who were debtors received an advance payment. Down payment indicates that there are many payments to follow; further payments represent the reality of heaven!
7. THE SPIRIT OF ADOPTION (Rom.8:14-16)
This is also called “the Spirit of His Son”, whereby we cry Abba Father. We are placed in the family of God (Rom.8:15, 16, Gal.4:6, Eph.1:5). This means to place one as a son. One is formally and legally declared as a son and receives the privilege of a son. God had "adopted" Israel in the Old Testament, Jehovah declaring in Exodus 4:22 to Moses "Then you shall say to Pharaoh, 'Thus says the LORD, Israel is My son, my first-born." Abba is the very name the Beloved Son used when speaking to His Father (Mark 14:36). The result of adoption is sonship – we are heirs and co heirs with Christ.
Lesson - 5
the sins against the Holy Spirit
The Holy Spirit is our companion, helper, comforter and advocate. He indwells a believer. The Holy Spirit is a person, a divine unique person. He is God. The moment we believe and are saved, we are sealed by the Holy Spirit. Since the Holy Spirit is a person. He may be sinned against. Since He is the third person in the trinity, ultimately all sin is against Him, basically all sins are against God.
1. Blaspheming the Spirit (Mat.12:31-32; Mk.3:29-30)
For many, the concept of unpardonable sin is a source of difficulty, because it seems contradicting the Biblical teachings of Grace. "Every sin and blasphemy shall be forgiven men, but the blasphemy against the Spirit shall not be forgiven." This is one of the most misunderstood and misinterpreted verses of the Bible.
® God's grace forgives every sin (1 Jn.1:9).
® When sin increased, grace abounded all the more (Rom.5:20)
® Is there any sin that God can not forgive?
® But the Lord said this one as the unpardonable sin, irreconcilable sin.
The religious leaders came to hear the Lord but they virtually opposed everything that had said and attributed His miraculous power to Satan, thus calling the Holy Spirit as Satan. They ascribed the work of the Holy Spirit to the work of the evil spirit. Refusing to allow the Holy Spirit to lead us to believe in Christ is blasphemy for which there is no forgiveness. The unpardonable sin is not merely saying an unkind word about the Spirit, it is more than that. The unpardonable sin is the ultimate and final rejection of the Lord’s work of redemption brought to us by the Holy Spirit. An unbeliever blasphemes against the Holy Spirit.
Speaking against the Son of man will be forgiven because it might be due to a failure to recognize Him for what He is. Example Apostle Paul (1 Tim.1:16-16). But if anyone refuses to submit to the Holy Spirit's convicting influence and doest not repent, will not be forgiven, neither in this age or the ages to come.
2. despising the Spirit (Heb.10:26-29)
Those who received the knowledge of truth, and have not committed their life to the Lord; they despise the sprit of grace. They have only a superficial faith, but ultimately rejecting Christ (Heb.6:4-8). If we deliberately keep on sinning after we have received the knowledge of the truth, no sacrifice for sins is. A professed believer despises / rebels against the Spirit. This means insulting the Spirit of Grace. The Holy Spirit presents the atoning work of the Lord to a sinner.
3. Resisting the Sprit (Act.7:51; Isa.63:9,10)
Stephen in his sermon proved how the people of Israel in each generation rebelled against the Holy Spirit. They were 'stiff-necked' not allowing their neck to the yoke of God. Although the Holy Spirit is sovereign God, He can be resisted by the rebellion of the people. He is our guide (Jn.16:13), but He doesn’t use force or in other words He doesn’t drag us into the truth. Rebellion is a sin, which God deals very seriously.
A carnal believer can rebel the Holy Spirit.
4. Grieving the Spirit (Eph.4:30)
The Holy Spirit is a living person in us, He has emotions; thus He can be grieved. 'To grieve' means 'to make sad' or 'to afflict with deep sorrow'. A believer can grieve the Holy Spirit. The Holy Spirit can be grieved:
® By sinful words (Eph.4:29)
® By sinful attitude (4:31)
® By sinful actins (5:3)
5. Quenching the Spirit (I Thes.5:19)
Grieving the Spirit can lead to quenching. The word 'quench' means to 'to extinguish' or 'put out fire'. The Holy Spirit is like a flame. The Spirit in us would like to work through us and to be seen by our actions and attitude. 'Rejoicing, praying and giving thanks (1 Thess.5:19) are the signs of a spirit-filled life. By suppressing the work of the Spirit in us, we quench the spirit. We should not hinder the operations of the Holy Spirit. All sin is painful but sin of his children breaks His heart.
A believer can quench the Holy Spirit.
6. tempting the Sprit (Act.5:1-11)
Ananias and Saphira lied against the Holy Spirit. The Holy Spirit, being God, cannot be tempted to sin (James 1:13). They kept a portion for themselves and acted as submitting everything to God. They made pretence. A severe punishment is waiting for hypocrisy.
A believer can tempt the Holy Spirit.
Lesson - 6
the types and symbols of the Holy Spirit
Illustrations are often used in the Scriptures to make us understand spiritual truths. We are prone to perceive the supernatural from our natural point of view. The Holy Spirit is not seen, who has never been made manifest as was Christ. But there are many figurative presentations of the spirit used in the Bible. A symbol is a material emblem portraying and unfolding a spiritual truth. The purpose of symbolism is to shed light on, add understanding, and to illustrate the truth. The types and symbols of the Holy Spirit reveal His person, attributes and work. Symbols shouldn’t be the object of worship, they are like sign boards indicating some truths.
1. Dove (Mt.3.16,17; Mk.1.10; Lk.3.22; Jn.1.32). The descent of the Holy Spirit as a dove at Jesus' baptism is seen in all four gospels. This implies:
® Purity - Dove speaks of purity. It is a clean bird. It was an acceptable sacrifice in the Old Testament. The Spirit is Holy, He is Holy Spirit (Ps.51:11; Lk.11:13)
® Peace - Dove is a sign of peace, a peace loving bird. The Lord asks us to be harmless as doves (Mat.10:16). Peace is one of the fruits of the Spirit Gal.5.22,23.
® Permanence - Permanent dwelling 'dove abode upon Jesus' (Jn.1:32). It speaks of the permanent dwelling of the Holy Spirit upon believers, unlike in the Old Testament. He dwells in our body which is the temple of God (1 Cor.6:19)
2. Fire (Acts.2.3,4). It was not ‘fire’ but ‘like fire’. And it was not the fire in baptism, Mt.3.11,12; Mk.1.8; Lk.3.16. It is an OT emblem and coveys the meaning of:
® Divine Presence of the Lord. The Lord appeared to Moses in the flame of the fire (Exo.3.2). The Holy Spirit is sent by the Father at the request of the Son to be with us for ever (Jn.14:13)
® Divine Protection of the Lord. The Lord went before the Israelites by night in a pillar of fire to give them light to protect them (Exo.13.21). The Holy Spirit is our helper and protector (Jn. 14:16)
® Divine Permission of the Lord. Fire came out and consumed upon the altar the burnt offering and fat (Lev.9:23, 24) or approval of the Lord.
3. Oil (Lk.4.18; Acts.10.38; 2Cor.1.21; 1Jn.2.20). Induction to the ministry was by the anointing by the oil (Lk.4.18). So is for the believer with the Spirit (Acts 1.8).
® Sprinkle - Oil was used in the Old Testament to anoint people to the ministry specially Priest (Lev.8:10,12), Prophet (1 Kin 19:16) and King (1 Sam.10:1). Holy Spirit anoints people for the ministry also (1 Cor. 1:21)
® Stir up - Illuminated the tabernacle. The light in the Tabernacle was provided by the olive oil lamps on the golden lamp stand, which burned continually. (Exo. 27.20,21). The Spirit illuminates our heart (Jn.16:12-15)
® Sanctification - Oil is used to sanctify (Lev.8.30; 14.17). Oil was used in the cleansing and sanctifying of lepers (Lev.14:16-18). The Spirit sanctifies us (Tit.3.5)
4. Water (Jn.4.14; 7.38,39). The still waters are often taken as the metaphor of the Word of God and the living or flowing water is taken as the picture of the Spirit. Also see Jer.17.13. The Spirit as water,
® Purifies, Jn.13.10; 15.3. The Spirit applies the blood of Christ for our cleansing.
® Pacifies the thirst, Jn.4.14; 1 Kg.17.12. It is given freely.
® Provides the growth (Ps.1:3). The Spirit helps a believer to grow.
5. Wind (Jn3,8; Acts.2.1-2). Spirit in Hebrew 'ruach' and Greek 'pneuma' mean wind or breath. This metaphor indicates the work of the Spirit. Thus His work is
® Invisible, though, can be felt. The new birth itself is invisible, although the results of it are visible and effective.
® Independent (Jn.3:8). Spirit is sovereign. Just as the wind blows where it wants, the Spirit chooses His own sphere of activity: the Holy Spirit gives the gifts to whom He wills. He appoints people to office (Acts 13:2, 20:28)
® Intensity 2Pet.1.21, Spirit is Powerful. Wind is powerful. The Spirit of God makes a man a born again and empowers the child of God.
6. seal (2 Cor.1:22; Eph.1:13; 4:30). In the New Testament the Holy Spirit is referred to as the seal of the believer. Believers are sealed by the Holy Spirit for the day of redemption.
® Protection - Seal shows security
® Possession - Seal shows ownership
® Promise - Seal shows assurance, transaction is done.
7. servant (Gen.24; Ruth 2:5). There are striking analogies between the ministry of the Holy Spirit in the church age and the ministry of Abraham' servant Eliazer (Gen.15:5)
® Eliazer was Sent by Abraham from Canaan, the Promised Land to Mesopotamia on a mission. God the Father sent the Holy Spirit from heaven to earth on a mission.
® Eliazer was sent to Secure a bride for Isaac. The mission of the Holy Spirit is to secure the bride, the Church for Jesus Christ (1Cor.12:13; 2Cor.11:2)
® Eliazer gave gifts to Rebecca (Gen.24:22), the Holy Spirit gives gifts to believers (1 Cor.12:4-11)
® Eliazer adorns Rebecca 24.22,53. The servant in Est.2 provided all that was necessary to adorn Esther. Spirit prepares people for Christ (1 Cor.12.11)
® Eliazer glorifies Isaac. He spoke of his master only. He said nothing about himself 25.34-49. The Holy Spirit glorifies Christ (Jn.16:13,14)
Lesson - 7
holy Spirit in the trinity
The Holy Spirit is the third person in the triune Godhead. He is God, equal to God the Father and God the Son, the same in substance and essence, equal in power, possessing all divine attributes and authority of God. His role in the Trinity is unique and great. There are some who allocate different functions in each dispensation to each person in the Trinity, like the work of creation to the Father, redemption to the Son and salvation to the Spirit, or Father worked in the OT, Son in the Gospels and Spirit in the present time. This sort of allocation though baseless, is yet impressive. “All the three persons of the Trinity have been active from the moment of creation. There is absolutely no conflict among the three Persons and always they have been in counsel one with another and always working together”.
1. doctrine of trinity
There are areas in the Doctrine of God, which confuses our finite minds such as His eternality or His infinity. His creation itself is beyond our comprehension. The topic on Trinity is also similar. No man can fully explain the Trinity. The Trinity is still largely incomprehensible to the mind of man. In the history of the church, the teaching on Trinity has been questioned and the church has through debates and deliberations come up with conclusions that uphold the Biblical stand. False teachings have been refuted from time to time. Trinity is a doctrine for believers not for unbelievers. The following quotations/ verses are remarkable.
"He who would try to understand the Trinity fully will lose his mind, but he who would deny the Trinity will lose his soul".
"It is a mystery; it will remain a mystery until we meet the Lord in Glory"
“For My thoughts are not your thoughts, Neither are your ways My ways,” declares the LORD. “For as the heavens are higher than the earth, So are My ways higher than your ways, And My thoughts than your thoughts” (Isaiah 55:8-9).
Deuteronomy 29:28-29, “The secret things belong to the LORD our God, but the things revealed belong to us and to our sons forever, that we may observe all the words of this law.”
Zopher rightly asks, "Can you search out the deep things of God? Can you find out the limits of the Almighty"? (Job.11:7)
§ Meaning of the Trinity
® The Trinitarian Formula is, ‘God is one in essence and three in persons’. God is one in His essential being, three in distinct persons. There are not three separate Gods, there is only one God who exists in three distinct persons. See Deut.6:4. It is not that One God is playing three different roles but God is three distinct persons. How can one God in three persons? Example of water in three different forms liquid, ice and steam…but yet they are all 100% water just as God is three different persons.
§ Logical Reasons of Trinity
® Love is God’s essential attribute. Then whom did He love before He created anything, if He were just an absolute oneness?’
® Every where in the creation we see Triunity impressed. These definitely points to the triune nature of the Creator. Examples:
· Universe is a basic trinity– Earth, Sky and Sea
· Man is three fold entity – Spirit, Soul and Body (1Thes.5:23)
· Matter – Sold, Liquid and gas
· Space - length, breadth and height.
· Water – Snow, ice and liquid
· Sun – Heat, light, chemical effect
· Time – Past, present and future
§ Scriptural Reasons of Trinity:
® Bible shows us the Triunity of God. From Genesis to Revelation this teaching is manifest, progressively. In the OT it is recurrently foreshadowed. In the Gospels it is clearly implied. In the Acts of the Apostles it is humanly experienced. In the NT epistles it is everywhere assumed. In the Apocalypse it is completely endorsed. Trinity is seen in creation, salvation, baptism, blessing, etc.
® Hebrew name 'Elohim' has a plural indication, a plural ending 'im'
® Plural pronouns are used, 'Let us make …(Gen.1:26)' 'who will go for us…' (Isa.6:8)
® In the foundational confession of Israel, Moses declares the oneness of God (Deut.6:4)
2. Holy Spirit in the trinity
§ Doctrine of Procession
® The eternal relationship of the Spirit to the other two persons of Godhead is 'procession'. “The procession of the Holy Spirit means that in His being and eternity He is related to the Father and to the Son in that He proceeded from them”. Major text for these truths is Jn.15.26. “Proceeds’ is in present tense, showing eternality of the procession. See also Ps.104:30.
§ Equality in Trinity
® The essence of the three persons of the Godhead is one. (Mat. 28:19; Col.2;2; Heb.1:3). The three are not inferior to each other, instead they have equal qualities. The Bible speaks of the three persons as co-equal, co-eternal and co-substantial and inseparable. Each of the three persons is as much God as any of the other two. All the attributes of the Godhead are equally present in each of the three persons. None of the three persons may be spoken of as a part of God or one third of God! The essence of the Godhead is indivisible. God is one in essence, but three in personality.
§ Subordination in the trinity
® The equality of the persons relates to the essence of the Godhead. This is called “Essential Equality”. But there is subordination in the trinity when it comes to God’s relation to the creation. This is called functional subordination.
® There are three functions in the Trinity namely, Creation, Redemption, and Sanctification, applying to the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit respectively. The Father sent the Son into the world for the work of redemption, The Son having ascended to the Father sent the Spirit. He that sends is obviously greater than the one sent. It is in this context that Jn.14:28 may be understood. Subordination in no way affects equality. It must be borne in mind that when each of the three persons is specifically responsible for His function, the other persons are inseparably present and active in Him.
3. Holy Spirit's association to other members
® His association in creation Eccl.12.1; Gen.1.1; Gen.1.2
® His association in glory Jn.12.41; Acts 28.25 with Isa.6.1-13
® His association in revelation Hb.10.15-17 with Jer.31.31-34
® His association in resurrection Acts. 2.32; Gal.1.1; Jn.10.18; 1 Pt.3.18
® His association in title Mt.28.19; 2 Cor.13.14
® His association in authority Mt.12.31,32; Acts. 5.3,4.
® His association in blessing 2 Cor.13.14; Num.6.24-26
Lesson - 8
holy Spirit in the old testament
What was the role of the Holy Spirit in the Old Testament? Some people allocate the work of Trinity as Father worked in the Old Testament, Son in the Gospels and the Holy Spirit in the Present time. The Holy Spirit has been active in all time - from eternity to eternity. In the Old Testament the Spirit had a "come and go" ministry. His ministry in the OT was selective and temporary. The limitations of the Spirit’s work in the OT can be summed up in three statements - Limited to certain people, Limited to certain period, Limited to certain purposes. From the day of Pentecost a “new era” of the Spirit’s work began (Jn.14:16). In the OT we see Holy Spirit in creation, revelation, enabling people, restraining sin etc.
The major role of the Holy Spirit in the Old Testament can be seen in relation to Creation, in relation to Revelation and in relation to People.
1. Spirit in Creation
Various aspects of Sprit's role in creation is seen in many verses of the Old Testament (Gen.1:1-2, Job.26:13; 27:3; Ps.33:6; 104:30 etc). ‘Elohim’ Gen.1.1 is a plural of majesty that suggests the role of the Trinity in the active role of creation.
® Spirit Created:
§ World: - God created the heaven and the earth Gen.1:1).
Elohim is plural of majestry that suggests the role of the Trinity in the active role of cration. 'Ruach' is the same Hebrew word as used in Genesis 1:2 for God's Holy Spirit. The Spirit of God moved upon …earth (Gen.1:2); By His spirit …. (Job.26:13); Thou sendest forth… (Ps.104:30)
§ Man: - Let us make (Gen.1:26; Job 27:3, 33:4)
The Spirit of God hath made me (Job.33:4)
§ Animal world: - Thou sendest forth (Ps.104:17,21,30). He hath formed the crooked serpent (Job.26:13b)
® Spirit Gave Life - He is the source of life (Gen.1:2)
- He breathes into his nostrils (Gen.2:7)
® Spirit Organized He gave order in the universe (Ps.104:5,30; Isa 40.12-14; Jb.26.13; Gen.1.2)
® Spirit Beatifies: He gives adornment (Ps.33.6; Job.26.13)
® Spirit Sustains: He gives renewal and sustenance (Isa. 40.7; Job.34:14-15; Ps. 104:5,30)
2. Spirit in Revelation
® Spirit Gave the Word: The Holy Spirit was the agent of revealing and recording God's message to man in the Old. "For the prophecy came not in old time by the will of man: but holy men of God spake as they were moved by the Holy Ghost" (2 Pet.1:21)
® Prophets spoke by means of the Sprit: Prophets spoke by means of the Spirit (2 Sam.23:2; Mic.3:8; Dan.4:8-9). "Then the Spirit of the LORD came upon me, and he told me to say" (Ez.11:5)
® Spirit Illuminates the Word (1 Cor.2.14-16): The Holy Spirit instructs and guides (Neh.9:20,30) The Holy Spirit gives understanding (Job.32:8)
® Christ confirms the Role of the Spirit in Revelation: Christ attested it by quoting Ps.110 in Mat.22:43-44
® Apostles Attested: Peter quoted Ps.41 concerning Judas (Act.1:16-17); Paul quoted Act.28:25-27 from Isa.6:9-10); Writer of Hebrews also confirmed Spirit role in revelation (Heb.3:7-11; 10:15-16)
3. Spirit in Relation to People
In the Old Testament Spirit's dealing with people was limited. The Spirit “came upon” such Old Testament people. The ministry of the Holy Spirit in Old Testament was not the same as it has been in the New Testament (Jn.14:16 - abide fore ever)
® Spirit Indwelt: The indwelling in the Old Testament was selective and temporary. Joshua (Num.27:18) David (1 Sam.16:12-13)
® Spirit came “upon” The Sprit came upon certain people for certain purposes.
Spirit came upon Othniel to conquer Chushanrishathaim (Jud.3:10)
Spirit came upon Gideon to defeat Midianites (Jud.6:34)
Spirit came upon Jephtah to defeat Amonites (Jud.11:29)
Spirit came upon Samson against Philistines (Jud.14:26)
Spirit came upon Balam to prophesy blessing on Israel (Num.24:2)
® Spirit Filled Bazalel was filled to receive wisdom for craftsmanship (Ex.31:3,25)
® Spirit Enabled Joshua to lead the people (Nu.27:16-18)
Saul to rule the country (1 Sam.10:10)
David to reign the nation (1 Sam.16:13)
Samson with unusual physical strength (Jud.14:19)
® Spirit Departed But the Spirit of the Lord departed Saul (1 Sam.16:14)
David prayed not to take away the Holy Spirit (Ps.51:11)
Lesson - 9
holy Spirit and the word of god
The Bible is God's word - inspired, inerrant and infallible word of God. Holy Spirit has a great role in revealing and recording the Holy Scripture. He gave the revelation of the word and guided the writers to record it. The Holy Spirit inspired the Word, He gives the illumination and He applies the word into our practical life. The role of the Holy Spirit in relation to the word of God can be summed up in three statements. He is the divine author of the Bible, He is the divine teacher and He is the divine helper of the word to apply to our life.
1. Divine Author (2 Tim. 3:16; 2 Pet. 1:21)
Holy Spirit is the divine author of the Bible. He is the source and revealer. Human authorship of some books has been a subject to controversy. But the divine authority of the bible has never been questioned. That is why the bible is inspired (God breathed), inerrant (free from error), infallible (incapable of error). God inspired the writer to record His message for man.
§ Meaning of Inspiration (2 Tim. 3:16)
® Inspiration simply means 'God breathed' (Greek 'Theopneustos'). Bible is the result of the breath of God. God breathed out the word. God superintended the human authors, so that they composed and recorded without error His message. Therefore the word of God is inerrant (Jn.17:17 - thy word is truth). People attack the inspiration of the word. Satan has attacked from the beginning - "hath God said"? (Gen.3:1)
§ Means of Inspiration (2 Pet. 1:21)
® The Holy Spirit used prophets and apostles to record His message. He inspired the holy men to record His word. "…holy men moved by the Holy Ghost" (2 Pet. 1:21b). Same verb is used in Act.27:15 - driven, directed or carried about by the wind. The Holy Spirit guided the writers to write (2 Sam. 23:2-3)
§ Method of Inspiration
® In the method of inspiration people hold different views, like natural inspiration (Godly men wrote, not God breathed), Partial inspiration (only part inspired), Mechanical inspiration (God dictated every word), Concept inspiration (only the concept is inspired) etc.
® Bible teaches the verbal, plenary inspiration of the bible. That means entire bible is inspired, every word of the bible is inspired. Verbal Inspiration: not just the concept but each word is inspired. The Holy Spirit gave the right word to the writers to record the message (Ex.24:4; 34:27; Jer.1:9; Ex.2:7-8). Plenary Inspiration: bible is inspired fully and completely. Not any part of the bible but the entire bible is inspired. All scripture is inspired (2 Tim 3:16),
§ Motive of Inspiration (2 Tim. 3:16-17)
® The inspired word is given for the profit of man – for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness.
® The ultimate motive is that "That the man of God may be perfect, thoroughly furnished unto all good works".
2. Divine Teacher (John.14:26)
Holy Spirit is not only the author of the Bible but He teaches and the word to His people. He enables His people to comprehend the truth of the bible. Bible is divine so we need a divine help. Natural mind cannot grasp the truth, Holy Spirit illuminates the word (1Cor.2:13; 1 Jn.2:20,27; Jn.14:26)
§ Meaning of Illumination
® Illumination means to give light. Illumination is a process by which God's Holy Spirit enables us to understand His word (1 Cor.2:13)
® It is not a giving of new revelation, canon is completed, no more revelations (Rev.22:18)
® Inspiration not repeated but illumination is repeated. Illumination, which is a lifelong ministry of the Holy Spirit to Christians.
® "But you have been anointed by the Holy One … But as his anointing teaches you about everything …" (1Jn.2:20, 27); "For the Holy Spirit shall teach you in the same hour what ye ought to say" (Lk. 12:12)
§ Necessity of Illumination
® The Scripture is the word of God. With human wisdom man cannot comprehend it. It is the Holy Spirit who enlightens the believer to comprehend the truths (Jn.16:12-15; 1 Cor. 2:11) "The inspiration of the Almighty giveth understanding" (Job.32:8)
® Man cannot understand God's truth apart from God's divine enablement 2 Cor.4:4; Eph. 4:18)
® The experience of illumination is not by direct revelation, the Canon is closed'.
§ Condition of illumination
® Illumination is not for natural man, it is only for believer. "But the natural man receiveth not the things of the Spirit of God" (1 Cor. 2:14)
® Need to trust the authority of the word. "O Lord thy word is settled in heaven (Ps.119:89)
® Need to allow the Holy Spirit to give us the understanding – to be submissive
® Need to read and meditate the word lovingly, carefully, reverentially and prayerfully.
3. Divine Helper
® Spirit not only the author and the One who illuminates, It is He who helps us to apply the revealed truths.
® He guides to all truth. "the spirit of truth is come he will guide you into all truth" (Jn. 16:13)
® He is the parakletos - the helper, the One who is with us always.
® Obedience to the word will result in fruit bearing (Gal.5:22-23)
Lesson - 10
holy Spirit in the life of the lord jesus christ
The Holy Spirit and the Lord Jesus Christ are members of the divine Triunity of Godhead. Each member of the Trinity maintains a unique role in carrying out the eternal purpose. The Three Persons in the Godhead are distinct in person but equal in essence (Jn. 10:30-33; 17:21). Christ means 'The anointed One', relates to His messianic position. Isaiah prophesied that God would anoint the promised Messiah with His spirit (Isa.61:1). The work of the Holy Spirit is to present Christ and magnify Him (Jn.14:26; 16:14). In the Person and ministry of the Lord Jesus we see the active working of the Holy Spirit. Being the members in the trinity the Holy Spirit and the Lord Jesus Christ have a unique inseparable relationship. The work of the Holy Spirit in the life of the Lord can be seen in four areas of His life – In His birth, life, death and resurrection.
1. In Christ's INCARNATION (Mat.1:18-25)
Jesus Christ was miraculously born by the Holy Spirit. Biblical history records many extraordinary births. For example - Sarah who was old and barren gave birth to Isaac, Manoah's wife who was barren gave birth to Samson, Hannah gave birth to Samuel, Elizabeth to John the Baptist etc. But the virgin birth of Jesus Christ surpasses all of those.
® The doctrine of the Virgin birth is on of the fundamental truth to us. But the mystery of the incarnation or the virgin birth is more than we would able to explain. It was a supernatural act of God. Many doubted, rejected, amazed, and puzzled at this doctrine. Example of William Barclay.
® The Virgin birth of Jesus was the fulfillment of the Old Testament prophesies. Isaiah predicted - "a virgin shall conceive, and bear a son, and shall call his name Immanuel" (Isa.7:14). Even before we have an hint of the coming of the Lord Jesus Christ - the seed of the woman (Gen.3:15)
® The narration of the birth of Jesus Christ is given in Mathew 1:18-25. Mary, who was betrothed to Joseph, was found with the child of the Holy Spirit. The Holy Spirit involved in the conception of Jesus Christ, in the womb of the Virgin Mary, the result was His incarnation (Lk.1:35). Holy Spirit acted as an agent at the birth of Jesus. Mat.1:20: "… for that which is conceived in her is of the Holy Ghost"; Lk.1:35: "The Holy Ghost shall come upon thee, shall overshadow thee…"
® Some people reject this doctrine saying that Mary was not a virgin because of the use of the word wife. Jewish marriage had three steps. (1) Engagement (2) betrothal (3) marriage proper. Engagement often made when the couple were only children, it can be broken. Betrothal is the ratification of the engagement, once the betrothal was entered into, it was absolutely binding, it could not be terminated in any other way than by divorce. Marriage proper takes place at the end of the year of betrothal.
® Technical details are omitted in the scripture, but the Bible clearly attributes her pregnant condition to the Holy Spirit (Mat.1:18,20). The virginal conception was supernaturally caused, but the nine months pregnancy and subsequent birth was basically natural.
® Some points to note:
- The incarnation doesn’t involve dual parenthood for Jesus. Jesus was not born of Mary and Joseph, but born of Mary only, "by whom" (Mt.1:16) - the pronoun is feminine singular, indicating clearly that Jesus was born of Mary only not of Mary and Joseph
- The incarnation doesn’t cause Mary to become the mother of God, nowhere in the Scripture we find such a title for Mary.
- The incarnation did not cause the Holy Spirit become the father of Jesus.
- Jesus did not have a human father, Joseph didn’t beget Jesus (Mat.1:16)
® The results of the virgin birth are:
- The Savior of the world born to this world (Mat.1:21)
- We could see Immanuel, the revelation of God to us, though veiled (Jn.1:18;14:7-11)
- The human nature of Jesus came into existence. The human nature of Jesus was sinless, He was Holy from eternity, Holy in His birth and life, faultless within or without, and every aspect of His Person was guarded by the Holy Spirit.
- The human nature of Jesus brought human limitations. Christ was tired (Jn.4:6); became thirsty (4:7); slept (Mt.8:24); wept (Jn.11:35)
- The human nature of Jesus made him dependant on the Father. The prayer life of Jesus is an example.
- Incarnation caused us to see the 'theanthropic' person, one person with both a divine and human nature.
2. In Christ's Life
® The Old Testament Prophets prophesized that the Spirit would be active in the life of the Lord Jesus Christ (Isa.42:1). John 3:34 says "for God giveth not the Spirit by measure unto him". (NIV - "God gives the Spirit without limit"). Only Jesus Christ experienced the full, infinite omnipotent ministry of the Holy Spirit.
® All through the Gospels we see the power of the Holy Spirit upon Christ in His earthly ministry. That doesn’t mean that Jesus had no power in Himself. The fact that He had ministered in the power of the Holy Spirit stresses the unity of the Trinity (Jn.5:31-44; 6:29;8:18).
® Holy Spirit anointed Christ (Lk.4:18; Act.4:27), probably at the time of the baptism of the Lord Jesus. The Holy Spirit's anointment on Jesus was the fulfillment of the prophecy of Isaiah the prophet (61:1). The anointing introduced Jesus to His public ministry (Act.10:38)
® Jesus was filled by the Holy Spirit (Lk.4:1; Mat.1:12)
® Jesus was led by the Spirit into the wilderness to be tempted by the devil. He was filled by the Spirit - thus it was in the will of God for Jesus to be tempted (Mat. 4:1-11; Mak.1:12,13; Lk.4:1)
® Jesus rejoiced in the Spirit (Lk.10:21)
® Jesus was empowered by the Spirit (Isa.42:1-4; Lk.4:18)
® The Spirit was upon Him to proclaim the favorable years of the Lord (Lk.4:18)
® The Sprit was upon Him to perform miracles (Lk.4:18; Mt.12:28,31)
3. At Christ's death
® The Holy Spirit had played a part in the death of Christ. Usually Heb.9:14 is referred to as evidence that our Lord offered Himself in His death through the Spirit.
® There is some controversy whether the Holy Spirit is meant by this verse, since the definite article is not present in the text. Some suggests this is a reference to the personal spirit of Christ. However, many think that the absence of the definite article does not require us to conclude that this does not refer to the Holy Spirit.
® Examples can be given where the Person of the Holy Spirit is in view but the definite article is not in the text, such as Gal.5:25; 1 Pet.1:2; Act.19:2 etc.
® 1Pet 3:18 may also refer to the act of the Spirit with respect to the death of Christ.
4. In Christ's resurrection
® Each member of the godhead had a particular part in the resurrection of Christ.
- Chris t was raised by the power of God the Father (Eph. 1:19-20)
- Christ has the power to raise himself form the dead (Jn.10:18)
- Holy Spirit involved in the resurrection act of Christ (Rom.1:4)
® Three references seem to link the Holy Spirit with the resurrection of Christ. They likewise are subject to different interpretations whether the Holy Spirit Himself is being referred to.
- Rom.1:4 - "according to the spirit of holiness, by the resurrection from the dead"
- Rom 8:11 - " but if the Spirit of him that raised up Jesus from the dead dwell in you"
- 1 Pet.3:18 - " being put to death in the flesh, but quickened by the Spirit"
Lesson - 11
holy Spirit in salvation
Salvation is the deliverance from sin and its curse. Fall of man necessitated salvation. It is for the body, soul and spirit. It is in the past, present and the future aspects. Salvation was God's eternal plan. It is by the Father, Son and the Holy Spirit. God desires all men to be saved (1Tim.2:3-4), because all have sinned and come short of the glory of God (Rom.3:23). Trinity in Salvation:
Planned by God the Father - In the Eternity Past (Act.20: 28) - Father Designed
Perfected by God the Son - On the Cross (Eph.5: 25, 29) - Son Redeemed
Powered by God the Spirit - On Pentecost (Act.2: 1-4) -Spirit Transformed
Here we are concerned with the work of the Spirit. We can brief it in the following seven steps.
1. Spirit Sanctifies
The Holy Spirit prepares us to hear the gospel. This is the pre conversion sanctification. That is, the Spirit bringing us to the hearing of the gospel. 'Sanctification is to set apart' - Spirit separates us to hear the gospel. Even before a person is saved, the Holy Spirit has been working in his life, setting him apart from the world for salvation. The order of events connected with salvation is 'chosen by God', 'sanctified by the Spirit', 'obedience to the Lord' (1 Pet.1:2). Paul reminds the Thessalonian believers that they were chosen by God, sanctified through the Spirit… (2 Thes.2:13). In eternity God chose us to be saved. In due time the Holy Spirit set us apart for the Lord.
2. Spirit Convicts
The Holy Spirit convicts the world of sin, righteousness and judgment (Jn.16:7,8-11). The Spirit applies the gospel to our minds to convince them we are sinners. Responding to that conviction brings salvation. Of sin - It is He who convicts the people about their sinful state; Of righteousness - about the righteousness of Christ; Of judgment - the judgment coming on unbelief.
3. Spirit helps Confess
The Holy Spirit helps a person to confess his sin.
"no man can say that Jesus is the Lord, but by the Holy Ghost" (1Cor.12:3)
"that if thou shalt confess with thy mouth the Lord Jesus…" (Rom.10:9)
4. Spirit Regenerates
Holy Spirit is the agent of regeneration. The Holy Spirit regenerates a sinner to Christ (Jn.3:5). "by the washing of regeneration, and renewing of the Holy Ghost" (Tit.3:5-7). This is the impartation of life. Though regeneration and the response to the gospel call happen simultaneously, the former precedes the latter logically. "It is the spirit that quickeneth" (Jn.6:63). By the regenerating work of the Holy Spirit, we have received eternal life (Tit.3:5).
- Regeneration is by the Will of God (Jn.1.13)
- Regeneration is by the Work of Christ (Jn.3.16)
- Regeneration is by the Word of God (1 Pt.1.23)
- Regeneration is by the Way of Spirit (Jn.3.3 -7)
5. Spirit Indwells
The moment we accept Christ, Spirit indwells us (Jn.14:17; 1 Cor.3:16). One receives the indwelling by obedience to the gospel (Acts.5.32). Our body is the temple of the Holy Spirit (1 Cor.6:19). It is foundational for all other ministries of the Spirit
- It is the distinctive of the Spirit’s work in this church age.
- It is universal. Rom.8.9
- It is permanent Jn.14.16
- It is unconditional, in every believer regardless of his/her spiritual condition. Example of Corinthian believers
6. Spirit is Seal
One who accepts Christ, is sealed with the Spirit of promise (2 Cor.1:22; Eph.1:13). We are sealed for the day of redemption (Eph.4:30). All believers are sealed, it occurs when we believe in the Lord Jesus Christ.
- It signifies a finished transaction.
- It signifies ownership or authority
- It shows security (Jn.10:28)
7. Spirit is Earnest
Holy Spirit is given as the earnest (2 Cor.1:22; 5:5). It means an advance payment. (Eph.1:14) "earnest of our inheritance". The gift of the Spirit to believers is a down payment that guarantees our heavenly inheritance. What we received just a shadow of things to come. We who were debtors receive advance payment!!
These seven steps cover all the three aspects of our salvation, past, present and future. Thus the Spirit has a ministry and part in our salvation unto its completion. Salvation as described in the New Testament has three tenses - past, present and future. If we are born again, we have already been saved from the PENALTY of sin. We are now to be saved from the POWER of sin. And one day, when our Lord returns in glory, we will be saved from the very PRESENCE of sin.
Lesson - 12
Baptism in the Holy Spirit (1 Cor. 12:13; Rom 6:1-4)
Baptism with the Holy Spirit is a unique work of the Holy Spirit particular to the church age only. The baptizing work of the Holy Spirit has become a point of many controversies. Some people see the passages refer to the Spirit Baptism as a reference to water baptism. Some people consider the baptizing work of the Holy Spirit as a second blessing. All true believers in Christ are baptized in the Holy Spirit into the Body of Christ (1 Cor.12:13). Church's formation is by the baptizing work of the Spirit. The baptism of the Holy Spirit should not be confused with other ministries of the Holy Spirit.
1. Its Concept
Baptism in the Holy Spirit is a divine work, whereby a believer is placed into the Body of Christ (Church) to have a permanent union with Christ and with other believers in the Body of Christ (1 Cor. 12:13). To baptize means to 'dip', or 'immerse'. Thus, ‘Baptism in the Spirit’ means to be dipped in the Spirit’ The Baptism of the Spirit takes place in regeneration (Tit.3:5). It takes place only once, when a sinner believes in the Lord Jesus and is then made a member of His Body.
2. Its Confirmation
Baptism in the Holy Spirit is not an experience as some teach, but it is a doctrine which confirmed in the Holy Scripture. There are seven clear references to the Baptism in the Spirit which can be grouped under three heads. Baptism of the Holy Spirit was predicted by John the Baptist, guaranteed by Lord, declared by Peter and defined by Paul.
® Prophetical: John the Baptist mentioned the Spirit Baptism (Mt.3.11; Mk.1.8; Lk.3.16; Jn.1.33). Christ predicted the baptism as 'not many days from now' (Act.1:5)
® Historical: The fulfillment of the prophesy of the Spirit baptism was taken place on the day of Pentecost. Acts.11.15-17. Peter declared. The Spirit Baptism began on the day of Pentecost historically, which resulted in the formation of the church.
® Doctrinal: Paul explains the doctrinal aspects of the Spirit baptism (1 Cor.12.13). 'For by one Spirit are we all baptized into one body, whether we be Jews or Gentiles, whether we be bond or free; and have been all made to drink into one Spirit'.
3. Its Characteristics
® Baptizer is the Lord Himself. Element is the Holy Spirit. As water was the element in the John’s baptism Spirit is the element here.
® It is operative only in this dispensation. No OT prophecy, no one experienced this in the life time of Jesus. It happened on the day of Pentecost (Act.1:5)
® It is experienced by all believers, 'all have been baptized' (1Cor.12:13). It is for all believers, no mater their spiritual condition. It is not a special privilege for some believers.
® It occurs at Salvation, it has never been repeated in the life of a believer.
® 'Be baptized' - passive voice of the verb indicates that the baptism in Holy Spirit is divine act. Nowhere in the scripture we are exhorted to wait and receive the Spirit or be baptized by the Spirit by praying, pleading or tarrying; because one is not a believer if he has not had the baptism of the Spirit.
4. Its Confusions
® Even some of the great men of God had confusion in this area of Spirit's work. Men like R.A. Torrey and D.L. Moody were unclear in this doctrine.
® Some people have a vague concept of the church that results in much confusion concerning the baptism of the Holy Spirit.
® Some people believe that the baptism of the Spirit is an experience different than salvation. They see it as a second blessing that gives a person much greater spiritual power and confidence.
® The usual Charismatic thought is that it is subsequent to the salvation experience. Some groups teach that the baptism is accompanied by such signs as speaking in tongues. Every Christian is baptized by the Holy Spirit (1 Cor 12:13), but not every Christian has the gift of tongues (1 Cor.12:29,30)
® Some people teach the baptism of the Holy Spirit as the baptism by fire in Mat.3:11. Baptism with fire speaks about the final judgment, in which the Lord will separate the chaff from the corn. All believers receive baptism with the Spirit; all unbelievers receive baptism with fire.
5. Its Contrasts
® Baptism and Indwelling: Old Testament believers could be indwelt by the Spirit, but they never were baptized in the Holy Spirit. We were in the Spirit when we were baptized in the Holy Spirit, in dwelling the Spirit is in us. Baptism is non repeatable event that occurs at the point of salvation, but the indwelling of the Spirit continues on (Jn.14:17).
® Baptism and Filling: Baptism occurs only once, Filling repeated many times. Baptism results in position, Filling results in power (Act.4:31). Baptism is non experiential, but filling a reality to be experienced. No commandment to be baptized, but we are asked to be filled (Eph.5:18). The effect of baptism is the formation of the church, the outcome of filling is fruit bearing (Gal.5:22)
6. Its Consequences
® The result of the baptism is the formation of the church. It joins us to the body of Christ (1Cor.12:13). As one can be immersed in water so a believer is immersed spiritually into the body of Christ.
® Unity brought by baptism should be expressed. 1 Cor.1.10; 12.24; Eph.4.3; Phil. 2.1-4. Paul writes this in the context of the exercise of the spiritual gifts for the edification of the whole body the church, 1 Cor.12-14.
® Baptism in the Holy Spirit identifies us spiritually with the death and resurrection of Christ. Baptism of the Holy Spirit joins us to the body of Christ and identifies us as united with other believers.
® We are risen with Him to newness of life (Rom.6:4). Old man is crucified (Rom.6:6), reckon ourselves dead to sin ((6:11), became servants of righteousness (6:18), bearing fruit unto holiness and everlasting life (6:22)
Lesson - 13
the indwelling of the Holy Spirit
(1 Cor. 3:16; 6:19; Rom.8:9)
The indwelling of the Holy Spirit is one of the basic doctrines of the New Testament. It is foundational to all other ministries of the Holy Spirit to a believer in this New Testament age. The indwelling Spirit is a gift from God to all believers. The Holy Spirit is given to all believers without exception (Rom.8:9, 15, 16, Gal.3:2, Eph.1:13,14). Every believer in Christ is indwelt by the Spirit (Jn.14:17, Rom.8:9, 1Cor.6:19).
Indwelling of the Holy Spirit is a truth clearly described in the Scripture.
® Prophetical description made by Jesus Christ that He would send another comforter ('Parakletos' which means 'Call alongside') to be with you forever (Jn.14:16,17). The Lord asked the disciples to wait at Jerusalem to receive the promise of the Father (Act.1:4,8)
® Historical description is seen on the day of Pentecost in Act. 2. See also 1:4, 5:32. The disciples received the Holy Spirit, the promise of the Father on that day. Later Peter the apostle confirmed it (Act.5:32; 2:38)
® Doctrinal description made by Paul the apostle in his epistles. (1 Cor.3:16; 2 Cor.6:19; Rom.8:9). He clarifies that every child of God should have the Spirit of God.
Indwelling of the Holy Spirit is a unique work of the Holy Spirit whereby He makes a permanent abode in a believer at the time of salvation and it continues irrespective of his / her spiritual condition (1Cor 6:19-20, 3:16). It is universal (Rom.8.9; Jude 19). It is permanent (Jn.14.16; Eph.4.30)
The indwelling of the Holy Spirit is unique in many ways:
® The dwelling of the Holy Spirit is Exceptional in the New Testament. In the Old Testament God walked with man (Garden of Eden), He dwelt in the Tabernacle and Temple. He was among the people. He led them from the front; He chastened them from behind, but in the New Testament He is in the believers.
® The dwelling of the Holy Spirit is Foundational to all other ministries of the Holy Spirit. (Jn.16.13; Rom.8.16; 8.15; Gal.4). Everything begins with the dwelling of the Spirit.
® The dwelling of the Holy Spirit is Universal. Every believer in Christ is indwelt by the Spirit (Jn.14:17, Rom.8:9, 1Cor.6:19).
® The dwelling of the Holy Spirit is Permanent. The indwelling of God the Holy Spirit begins immediately at salvation and is permanent. Holy Spirit will never depart a believer in the New Testament.
When the Spirit begins His residence in a believer? How long the spirit will be with a believer?
® In the Old Testament the Spirit was often present with believers, but He did not dwelt with them permanently. It was conditional (1 Sam.16:14; Ps.51:11).
® In the NT every believer is indwelt by the Holy Spirit, the moment he/she is born again (Jn.14:17, Gal.3:2, Rom.8:9,11). We are sealed by the Holy Spirit (Eph.4:30). He has a permanent residence in believer (Jn.14:16-17, Eph.2:13, Rom.8:9, 1 Cor.6:19).
® He indwells even in a carnal believer who is sinning. Example of Corinthian believers who had divisions (Ch.1) fornication (1 Cor.5), legal disputes (1 Cor.6). The security of Salvation and permanence of the Holy Spirit are inseparable doctrines.
What is the requirement for the dwelling of the Holy Spirit?
® The only requirement to receive the dwelling of the Holy Spirit is to have faith in the Lord Jesus Christ, if any one does not have the Spirit of God, he is not a Christian (Rom.8:9; 1 Cor.12:3)
® One receives the indwelling by obedience to the gospel. Acts.5.32; 2 Thes.1.7,8
® The dwelling of the Holy Spirit is not experienced by the unsaved. The absence of the Holy Spirit is a proof of unsaved condition.
There are passages related to the indwelling which we find difficult to understand.
® Will Holy Spirit depart a from believer? Holy Spirit departed Saul (1 Sam.16:14), David prayed not to take the Holy Spirit (Ps.51:11). These passages are dispensationally misapplied. The permanent dwelling is unique in the New Testament age of grace.
® Is obedience a requirement for indwelling? (Act.5:32) 'Whom God has given to those who obey Him (Act.5:32). The context shows the obedience here is the command to believe in Jesus Christ. See Act.6:7.
® Is indwelling a subsequent blessing to salvation? (19:1-6). They were the disciple of John the Baptist. They did not become believers of Jesus Christ by believing John's message. Only when Paul explained them, then they became believers.
God the Father dwells in believer (1 Jn.4:12), God the Son dwells in us (Col.1:27) and God the Holy Spirit dwells in us (1Cor.3:16). We are the carriers of the triune God. That demands much.
® The dwelling of the Holy Spirit makes a believer the temple of God as church collectively (1 cor.3:16), as believer individually (1Cor.3:16,17;6:19). We are now separated, from this world, because God has taken residence with us. Duty of a Holy Life (Lev.11:44; 1 Pet. 1:15)
® 1 Cor.6:19,20: your body is the temple… ye are not your own…. Bought with a price... therefore glorify God in your body. Duty of a Grateful Life.
® Power and Holy Spirit mentioned together in Act.1:8. … ye shall be my witness…Power to have a witnessing life. Duty of a Witnessing Life.
Lesson - 14
the filling of the Holy Spirit
'Be filled with the Holy Spirit is a command from God to all believers'. It is not a choice but a compulsion. Spirit filling signifies being controlled by the Holy Spirit, just as a drunkard is controlled by the drink. All other ministries of the Holy Spirit in relationship to salvation are not repeatable; they are once-and-for-all actions which occur at the moment one believes, but filling is repeatable. Spirit filling means to give each area of our life into the control of the Holy Spirit.
1. Concept of Filling (Eph.5:18)
® The basic concept of 'filling' means 'to be controlled by'. For example 'filled with wrath' (Lk.4:28); "with fear" (Luke.5:26); 'with envy' (Act.13:45). To be filled with the Spirit means sovereignty for Him to occupy every part of our lives, guiding and controlling us.
® The verb used here is passive that means we do not fill ourselves, but permit the Spirit to full us.
® The filling has nothing to do with quantity. Filling is not how much Spirit we have but how much of us the Spirit has (Jn.3:34)
2. Command of Filling
A believer is never commanded to be regenerated, indwelt, baptized, sealed, or anointed by the Holy Spirit. But he is commanded to be filled with the Spirit.
® "Be filled" in Eph.5:18 is a command from God. It is a must. 'Be filled' is an imperative mood.
® It is not an option rather it is an obligation.
® This command is plural. So it applies to all, and not just to a select people. Filling is for every believer who is born again.
3. Continuation of Filling
All the ministries of the Holy Spirit in relationship to salvation are not repeatable; they are once-and-for-all actions which occur at the moment one believes.
® The verb is in present tense – keep on being filled. It is an experience we should enjoy constantly and not just on special occasions.
® The repeated filling we see in the life of apostles. (Act.2:4; Act.4:8; 4:31). Stephen was filled at least twice (Acts 6:3; 7:55). Paul was filled in different times (Acts 9:17; 13:52 etc).
® In none of these cases was the previous filling lost. In every case, a new area needed to be under the Spirit’s control, so in each of those areas, they were filled with the Spirit.
4. contradiction of Filling
Sin is what hinders the filling of the Holy Spirit. The following sins can hinder us from Spirit filling.
® Grieving the Sprit (Eph.4:30)
® Quenching the Sprit (I Thes.5:19)
® Resist the Spirit (Act.7:51)
® Insulting the Spirit (Heb.10:29)
® Testing the Sprit (Act.5:9)
5. Conditions for Filling
Filling is not by watching and prayers. It is neither a crisis experience.
® For a person to be filled by the Spirit, first he needs to receive the Spirit of God (or be indwelt by God’s Spirit) (1 Cro.2:12, 14). Spirit filling is only for believers.
® Filling of the Holy Spirit is conditional. We should be completely yielded to the Holy Spirit, so that He can possess us fully.
® Only our obedience to God's commands allows the Spirit freedom to work within us. In short for filling we need a: A dependant life, Gal 5.16; a holy life, Eph 4.30; an obedient life, 1 Thes. 5.19
6. Confusions of the Filling
® Filling of the Holy Spirit is not sinless perfection (1Jn.1:8:10)
® Filling of the Holy Spirit is not receiving more of the Spirit.
® Filling of the Holy Spirit is not unusual experience. Some teach that the Filling of the Holy Spirit manifests itself through some strange behaviors (e.g. laughing, barking, strange languages, etc.). The Bible does not support this teaching.
® Filling of the Holy Spirit is not Baptism of the Holy Spirit (Act.2). Some charismatic groups confuse Spirit baptism with Spirit filling, which they claim is manifested by speaking in tongues.
® Filling is not a sign of spiritual maturity. Eg. John the Baptist was filled when he was in his mother's womb.
7. Consequences OF FILLING
A Spirit filled life brings forth fruit of the Spirit (Gal.5:22,23). In a Spirit filled life the fruits of the Spirit shall be evident. Christ likeness will be expressed, in:
® Personal life: Joyfulness (Act.13:52; Eph.5:18-19) making melody in his heart to the Lord. Thankfulness (Eph.5:20) - always gives thanks for all things in the name of Christ.
® Family Life: Love and Submission in husband and wife relationships (5:21-33), obedience and honor in children and non- provocation in parents (6:1-4)
® Ministerial Life: in ministries - sings psalms, hymns, and spiritual songs (Eph.5:19), Bold preaching - Luke 1:15-16, Acts 4:8, Acts 4:31, Acts 9:7-20
® Social Life: in relationships with employer and employee (Eph.6:5-9)
The Spirit is thus leading us, preparing and perfecting till we shall be presented before our Lord. Then we shall be perfectly like Him whom we love 1 Jn.3.2.
Lesson - 15
the anointing of the Holy Spirit
(2Cor.1:21, 22; 1 Jn.2:20, 27)
Perhaps no other doctrine concerning the Holy Spirit has been more misunderstood than that of the anointing of the Holy Spirit. Every true believer in Christ has received the anointing of the Holy Spirit (2 Cor.1:21,22, IJn.2:20,27). Christ is the Anointed One. In the OT, the priests, prophets and kings were anointed. But the NT portrays Christ as the Priest, the Prophet and the King. In Christ, we have received the anointing. Hence all believers have the position of priest, prophet and king.
1. Misunderstanding of anointing
® Anointing is not a second blessing
® Anointing is not receiving by watching, fasting or praying.
® Anointing is not conditional
® Anointing is not for certain people, but all true believers are anointed.
® Anointing is not for speaking tongues
2. Meaning of anointing
® Anointing in the Bible means to consecrate a person or a thing for a holy or sacred use. Things and people could be anointed: Moses anointed the Tabernacle and its equipments (Ex.30:22).
® Anointing was also associated with the gift of God’s special power or gift of the Spirit, for carrying our special task. (Isa.16:13).
® When we become the members of His Body by faith (ICor.12:13), and born again, we automatically receive the anointing which is on the HEAD-Christ, as the oil poured flows down the whole body (Ps.133:2).
® In the O.T only a few were anointed but in NT all true believer are anointed by God. (Heb.1:9, 2Cor.1:21)
3. Moment of anointing
® Anointing takes place only once, at the time of one’s conversion. Anointing is not repeated (1 Jn.2:20,23,27)
® The anointing of the priest took place at the beginning of his ministry, the anointing of the king took place at the beginning of his reign and the anointing of the prophet took place at the beginning of his work.
® So it could be said that the anointing of the Holy Spirit is concurrent to the baptism of the spirit, which is concurrent to the time of our salvation.
® It is not something that we receive after salvation, after a period of waiting..
4. Mode of anointing
® In the OT prophets (1 Kg.19:16), priests (Lev.8:12), and kings (1 Sam.16:13) were anointed.
® It was common practice to appoint them to their office by the ceremony of anointing. Holy oil was poured over the head of the person as a sign that he was set apart for the service of God.
® He now had the right and responsibility to perform the duties that his position required. (Ex.28:41, Num.3:2-3, Ps.28:8, 105:15.
® Official anointing carried along with it the authority of God and no one could challenge the appointment.
5. Mark of anointing
® It was done as a mark of hospitality to guest. (Lk.7:46)
® It was a mark of special honor (Jn.11:2)
® It was done as a mark of healing (Mk.6:13, Jas.5:14
6. Model of anointing
® In a special sense, Christ is the Anointed One. In the OT, the priests, prophets and kings were anointed. But the NT portrays Christ as the Priest, the Prophet and the King. In Christ, we have received the anointing. Hence all believers have the position of priest, prophet and king.
® Since our Lord Jesus was a priest and king and prophet, then He was anointed. (Luke 4:18; Act.4:27; 10:38)
7. Motive of anointing
The purpose of anointing was for:
a) Separation. Isa.42:1
b) Service. Isa.61:1
c) Security (The origin of anointing was from a practice of shepherds. Lice and other insects would often get into the wool of sheep, and when they got near the sheep's head, they could burrow into the sheep's ears and kill the sheep. So, ancient shepherds poured oil on the sheep's head. This made the wool slippery, making it impossible for insects to get near the sheep's ears because they would just slide off. From this, anointing became symbolic of blessing, protection, and empowerment.)
Lesson - 16
other works of the Holy Spirit
Holy Spirit has many other works in the life of a believer. The Sprit of God is the helper and continues His work with the believer all through his life. He is active in a believer. He gives conviction of sin, He seals, He guides, He teaches, He stand along with as a helper. Holy Spirit's role in a believer is unique.
1. Sealing of the Holy Spirit (2 Cor. 1:22; Eph.1:13; 4:30)
Importance of Sealing
o The involvement of Triune God see in Sealing (Eph.1:13-14; 2 Cor.1:22)
o Sealing takes place at the time of conversion (Act.2:38; Gal. 3:14; 2 Cor.1:22; Eph.1:14)
o The sealing ministry of the Spirit sets up a firm foundation for the security of the believer.
Indication of Sealing: Sealing of a believer implies three things
o Possession (Ownership). The presence of the Spirit in an individual is proof that he belongs to God
o Perfection (Finished Transaction). In the ancient world, the seal was a guarantee or a transaction, e.g., a signet impression on a ring.
o Protection (Security).
Intention of Sealing: The sealing with a purpose to show:
o We are sealed for the day of redemption (Eph.4:30)
o The Holy Spirit is the earnest of our salvation (Eph.1:14)
o The believer is sealed as a guarantee of his eternal security (Eph.2:8; Jn.10:28,29; Phil.1:6; Rom.8:23)
2. Teaching of the Holy Spirit (1 Cor.2:10-13; Jn.14:26; Jn.16:13)
Requirement of Sprit's Teaching
o Man cannot understand God's truth apart from God's divine enablement (Eph. 4:18)
o Bible is divine so we need a divine help. Natural mind cannot grasp the truth.
o The Holy Spirit is the divine author of the word and He teaches us the word (John.14:26)
Role of the Sprit's Teaching
o The anointing in us teaching the things (1 Jn.2:27).
o Sprit teaches us by illumination, it is a process by which Holy Spirit enables us to understand His word (1 Cor.2:13)
o It is not a giving of new revelation; canon is completed, no more revelations. Illumination means to give light.
Result of Sprit's Teaching
o The Spirit teaches the believer and guides him into all truth (John. 16:13)
o The purpose of the teaching ministry of the Sprit is to glorify Christ (John.16:14)
3. Sanctification of the Holy Spirit (2 Thess. 2:13)
Meaning of Sanctification:
o The word 'sanctify' basically means to 'set apart', it has the same root as the words 'saint' and 'holy'.
o Sanctification has three aspect past, present and future - positional, progressive and perfect.
o Positional sanctification was based on the work of the Lord on the Calvary's cross. We are positionally sanctified at our salvation.
o Progressive sanctification is the work of the Holy Spirit today.
o Prefect sanctification will in the future when God the Father presents us perfect to His son.
Method of Sanctification
o We need to be submissive to the Spirit for His work in our life. Allow the Spirit to work in us.
o We are sanctified by the Spirit unto obedience (1 Pet. 1:2)
o Holy Spirit is the prominent agent in the outworking of our progressive sanctification.
o It is by the Spirit we put to death the work of the flesh (Rom.8:13)
Motive of Sanctification
o By the sanctifying work of the Spirit we are changed from glory to glory to be more and more like Christ (2 Cor.3:18)
4. Intercession of the Holy Spirit (Rom.8:26,27)
Purpose of Interceding:
o We need the Spirit’s intercession because of “our infirmities” (v. 26a).
o We are weak in our mortal bodies that we experience even though our souls have been saved.
o We need the help of the Holy Spirit in our prayer life.
Procedure of Interceding:
o It means that while we pray audibly the Spirit is making intercession for us inaudibly. The Spirit helps the Christian to direct his petitions to God.
o In other words, the Spirit translates for us by praying for us what we should be praying.
o Here nothing about speaking in ecstatic tongues, as some claim praying in the Spirit.
Product of Interceding:
o God knows the mind of the Spirit and therefore understands His unspoken groanings.
o Those unspoken groanings of the Spirit are intercession for us according to the will of God.
Lesson - 17
fruit of the Holy Spirit (Gal.5:22-23)
Walking in fellowship with the Spirit produces the fruit of the Spirit. A Spirit filled life brings forth fruit of the Spirit. This present work of the Spirit is to bring us to the conformity to Christ. The Christ likeness will be seen in the fruit of the Spirit. In a Spirit filled life the fruits of the Spirit shall be evident. The fruit of the Spirit is a physical manifestation of a Christian's transformed life. The Spirit progressively molds us into the image of Christ and, in turn, reproduces the character of Christ in us - the fruit of the Spirit.
1. Contrast (in Meaning) of the Fruit of the Spirit (vv.19-21)
There is a contrast between the "works" of the flesh (5:19) and the "fruit" of the Spirit (5:22). There are two principles at work in a believer- the flesh and the Spirit. One is contrary to the other. The “works of the flesh are contrary to the fruit of the Sprit. The flesh produces the works, Gal.5.19. These can be divided into three heads:
o Sexual sins - The first four, adultery, fornication, uncleanness and licentiousness
o Religious sins - Next two, idolatry and sorcery come under this.
o Social sins - All the rest of the items in the list fall under this category. The list ends with the words “and the like’ indicating that the list is endless
® Such “shall not inherit the kingdom of God”. This means that they shall never prove to be heirs. They are Ishmaels not Isaacs.
® ‘Works’ are in plural. ‘Fruit’ is in singular. The plural usage ‘works’ also denotes that all the items in the products of the flesh may not be seen in a single person.
® ‘Works’ can be performed even by lifeless objects. ‘Works’ does not have life within. But think about the ‘fruit’. There is seed within it that helps to produce its own kind.
® ‘Works’ are labor and toil. But ‘fruit’ is the unfolding of life within. Work is effort but fruit is comes from naturally from within.
® The one is human manipulation but the other is divine production.
2. Characteristics of the Fruit of the Spirit
® These are not individual "fruits" from which we pick and choose. Rather, the fruit of the Spirit is one nine-fold "fruit" that characterizes all who truly walk in the Holy Spirit.
® These are indivisible fruits. They are the unfolding of the life within. Here it is in singular, it should be seen wholly in every believer’s life.
® Fruit is something produced by living organisms such as trees or vines. Human beings can produce living organisms called children.
® The singular form of "fruit" suggests that the Holy Spirit produces a package of character. Love, joy and peace do not stand alone but in relation to each other. All nine manifestations of fruit stand in relation to each other.
® The works of the flesh are mutually antagonistic to each other but the fruit of the Spirit is the natural, coalescing result of the Holy Spirit controlling our lives.
® The Spirit-filled believer always manifests a unity of nine character qualities.
® There are nine divine grapes hanging together in one cluster that come from the Spirit filled life.
2. Condition of the Fruit of the Spirit
® Walking in the spirit is the condition. The Christian who walks in the Spirit produces the fruit of the Spirit.
® Walking in fellowship with the Spirit yields the fruit of the Spirit. The Christian does not produce this fruit. He is not the source of the fruit but the Holy Spirit Himself.
3. Component of the Fruit of the Spirit
There are nine items in this ‘fruit’. These also can be divided in three groups.
o Godward (love, joy and peace) the first three shows our Godward character.
o Manward (longsuffering, gentleness, goodness) second three shows our manward character
o Selfward (faith, gentleness, temperance) Last three shows our selfward character.
1. Love: Love leads the list because it is the supreme virtue (1 Cor.13:13). It is the Agape Love (divine love) – the sacrificial love which we have (Rom.5:5) Biblical love is not emotional but volitional. Unconditional love.
2. Joy: The word "joy" means a state of delight. Spirit-filled believers living with joy do not depend on circumstances (Rom.8:28; Hab. ). Joy is not happiness. Happiness depends on circumstances.
3. Peace: Peace is a sense of quietness (1 Cor. 16:11). A person who lives in the Spirit's peace is free from anxiety and inner turmoil (Rom.15:13) The Greek word “peace” means to bind together (Phil.4:6-7)
4. Longsuffering: Longsuffering carries the idea of patience and perseverance toward people under provocation. It will not retaliate when treated unjustly (Eph.4:2; Col.3:12).
5. Kindness: carries the idea of goodness, generosity. Kindness is benevolence in action. Kindness is compassion in action (Rom.2:4; Eph.2:7)
6. Goodness: Goodness is moral excellence an act of grace toward someone else (Rom.15:14; Eph.5:8-10). Barnabas was a “good man (Act.11:24)
7. Faithfulness: “Faithfulness” here is the character of reliability. Faithfulness is the quality that renders a person trustworthy or reliable.
8. Gentleness: Meekness is not weakness but unselfishness. A meek person is a powerful person. Moses was a strong leader but at the same he was the meekest. Jesus called Himself “meek” (Mat. 11:28, 29)
9. Self control: Self-control implies that a Spirit-filled Christians can control their desires. “Self-control” is self-mastery over a person or thing.
4. Consequence of the Fruit of the Spirit
What is produced in a person depends on what he cultivates and nurtures in his life.
® All those nine items in the ‘fruit of the Spirit are seen in its perfection only in the Person of the Lord Jesus. Those characters essentially pertain to Him.
® This means that when one increases in the characters found in the ‘fruit of the Spirit’ he is becoming more like Christ.
® This is the ultimate purpose in God’s calling. The Spirit is working in all believers toward this conformity.
Lesson – 18
giffts of the Holy Spirit
(1 Cor.12: 4-11, Rom.12: 6-8, Eph.4: 11, 1 Pet.4: 11)
The doctrine of the Spiritual Gifts has been more misunderstood and mistreated. In order to equip and edify the church God gives gifts (Eph.4:12). Believers are anointed (2 Cor. 1.21; 1 Jn.2.20; 2.27). It elevates us to the position of kings, prophets and priests. Thus He has saved us to serve. We are enabled to serve by the gifts of the Holy Spirit. Spiritual gift may be defined as a God-given ability for service. His gifts include gifted men (Eph.4: 11) and Spiritual Gifts (1 Cor.12: 7-11, Rom.12: 6-8). It is not something that the believer does by the aid of the Holy Spirit. Gift is a manifestation of the Spirit (1 Cor.12:7. The Fruit of the Spirit is inward, but the gift is outward.
1. Description of spiritual gifts
® The Scriptural description of the Spiritual gifts is seen in four passages of the New Testament, They are 1 Cor.12.4-11; Rom.12.6-8; Eph.4.11; 1 Pt.4.10,11.
® The doctrine of the Spiritual gift is almost exclusively a Pauline doctrine
® The only use of this doctrine outside of Paul is found in Peter's epistle.
® In all these four passages we can see at least 20 spiritual gifts.
® In 1 Corinthians 12 the giver is the Spirit (Spirit is mentioned 7 times between vs.7-11);
® In Eph.4 the giver is the Son ('He' mentioned 7 times in vs.8-11);
® In Romans 12 the giver is God the Father.
2. Definition of spiritual gifts
® The Greek word for spiritual gift is 'CHARISMA' means Grace Gift.
® Something that is due to the grace of God.
® A spiritual gift is a God-given ability to serve the church effectively.
® A spiritual gift is any ability that is empowered by the Holy Spirit and is used in any ministry of the Church to serve the Body of Christ, wherever and however He may direct.
® They are not natural talents.
® They can be even duplicated (Mat.7:22,23)
3. Distinction of spiritual gifts
Spiritual Gifts are to be distinguished from Fruit, Talents and spirituality etc.
® Spiritual gifts are not the 'gift of the Spirit' Gift of the Holy Spirit is the Holy Spirit Himself (Act.2: 38)
® Spiritual gift is not the fruit of the Spirit. Fruit of the Spirit is the result of the indwelling of Holy Spirit. (Gal.4: 22)
® Spiritual gift is not an indicator of spirituality. Example of Corinthians believers (1 Cor.1:7; 3:1).
® Spiritual gift is not natural talents. Talents are natural, by birth, for unbelievers, result of heredity, acquirable. The Spirit may use a natural talent, but re-in forced by His grace.
Natural Talents Spiritual Gifts
Given by God thru our parents Given by God independent of parents Given at birth Evidently given at our conversion
To benefit mankind generally To benefit the body particularly
4. Distribution of spiritual gifts
Distributed By: The Father (Rom.12:3, The Son (Eph.4:7, 11), The Spirit (1 Cor.12:7-11). Triune God is involved in the giving of Spiritual Gifts
Distributed To: 'Each one' (1 Cor.12:7; 1 Pet.4:10a) No one is left without a gift. Every Christian is the recipient of some gift (ICor.12:7,13).
Distributed For: 'For the profit of all' (1 Cor.12:7b; Eph.4:12)
Distributed As: 'As He wills' (1 Cor.12:11b; Rom.12:6)
Distributed Until: 'all come to the unity of the faith…' (Eph.4:13). Israel was given manna until they entered Canaan. Similarly spiritual gifts also given be given we come to the fullness of Christ (Eph.4:12,13). Spiritual gifts are given to equip the church to carry out its ministry until Christ return (Cor.1:7; 14:2)
5. diversity of spiritual gifts
® Gifts are manifold (1 Pet.4:10), and diverse (1Cor.12:6) for which we are kept as stewards.
® Spiritual gifts can broadly divide into two - Temporal Spiritual gifts and permanent Spiritual gifts.
® Permanent gifts are for the edification, temporal gift for the confirmation of the word of God.
® It can also be divided into two - speaking gifts and serving gifts (gift of word and gift of work).
® These gifts include gifted men and gifts. Each can be further divided into foundational and permanent.
® For our study purpose we can divide the gifts into Ministerial (Eph.4:11), Manifestation (1 Cor.12:7-11) Motivational (Rom. 12:6-8; 1 Pet.4:11).
Ministerial (Eph.4:11) Manifestation (1Cor.12:7-11) Motivational (Rom.12:6-8)
These are gifted men These are sign gifts These are for the whole
1) Gift of Wisdom
1) Gift of Prophecy
2) Gift of Knowledge
2) Gift of Helps
3) Gift of Faith
3) Gift of Teaching
4) Pastors & Teachers
4) Gift of Healing
4) Gift of Exhortation
5) Gift of Miracles
5) Gift of Giving
6) Gift of Prophecy
6) Gift of Leading
7) Gift of Discernment
7) Gift of Mercy
8) Gift of Tongue
9) Gift of Interpretation
6. Discovery of spiritual gifts
Spiritual gift is received at the time of regeneration. This doesn’t mean that immediately after the regeneration he is in employment of the gifts. But there is a time of training and then the service. It is seen in the case of Levites in OT, Joshua, Moses, Elisha, Paul, Timothy and many others.
® Desire Spiritual Gifts (1 Cor.14:1, 12:31), Have a close walk with God
® Examine our ability, get advice from godly elderly people. Examine the past successes.
® Be faithful to the gifts that we have already (2Tim.1:6)
7. Destination of spiritual gifts
In all things God may be glorified through Jesus Christ (1 Pet. 4:11b). In our position of salvation and practice of spiritual gifts we should be humble and thankful. We are stewards of the manifold grace of God. We ought to be good stewards (C Cor.4:2). Purposes of gifts are the following.
- Conversion of sinners, 1 Cor.14.24,25.
- Edification of believers, 1 Cor.14.12,26; Eph.4.12.
- Glory of God 1 Pt.4.11. God in all things may be glorified
The Application: we are stewards of the manifold grace of God (1Pet.4:10, 1Cor 9:16 & 17)
Lesson - 19
giffts of the Holy SPIRIT - Ministerial
Ascended Christ gave gifts to the church. Spiritual gifts are not only for individuals but also for the Church. The Church belongs to Christ. He is the founder (Mat. 16:18) and He is the foundation (1 Cor. 3:11). He is the maker of the Church (Mat.16: 18). He loves, nourishes and cherishes (Eph.5: 25,29). This includes giving gifts to equip and build up the church (4:12,13). His gifts include spiritual gifts and gifted men (Eph.4: 7,11). The gifted men to the church are apostles, prophets, evangelists and pastor teachers. These can be divided into two. Foundational (Apostles and prophets) and Permanent (Evangelists and pastor-teachers)
1. apostles - The term ‘apostle’ means 'Sent Ones'. Sent on a mission or a commission. This word is also translated as 'Messenger' (2 Cor.8: 23; Phil.2:25).
® Used in Four fold ways:
· Of the Lord (Heb.3: 1) - Came on a mission - to die for the sinners
· Of the Twelve (Lk.6:13 Mark 3:13-14) - Divinely commissioned by the Lord
· Of Apostle Paul (Gal.1:15-17; 2 Cor.11:5) - Uniquely set apart apostle to the gentiles
· Of a wider sense - Barnabas (Act.14:4) James (Gal.1:19) Andronicus and Junia (Rom. 16:7)
® The qualifications of an apostle are:
· Divinely commissioned by the Lord Lk.6:13, 1Cor.12: 11, Gal.1: 1
· Witness of Christ's resurrection Act.1: 22, 4:33; 1 Cor.9: 1
· Power to perform miracles (Act.5:12-15; 2 Cor.12:12) to confirm the word (Heb.2: 4)
® The apostles had a three fold duties:
· To lay foundation of the church (Eph.2:20; 1 Cor.3: 11). This is the doctrines they taught.
· To receive and reveal the revelations of God (Act.11:28; Eph.3:5)
· To give confirmation of the word of God through miracles (Heb. 2:2-4)
® Thus an apostolic succession is unscriptural.
· No more foundation is needed - one corner stone, one foundation. The church compared to a building. Jesus himself is the chief cornerstone, apostles and prophets make up the rest of the foundation (Eph.2:20; 1 Cor.3:11). In Eph.4:11 it is used of the twelve in a restricted sense.
· No one to day is qualified to be an apostle in the strict sense (three basic qualifications)
· The order is first apostles … second prophet… third Teachers… (1Cor.12:28).
· Today only apostle in a broader sense" As my Father sent, even so send I you" (Jn.20:21).
· 2 Cor. 11:13, Rev.2:2 say that there are false apostles.
® A prophet is a spokesman for God (Ex.7:1-2). A prophet was one whom God spoke through.
® Prophets often declared this fact by saying "Thus saith the Lord" (1 Kg. 20:13)
® He is the mouthpiece of God. The recipient of the revelation to pass on (Eph.3:5).
® "For the prophecy came not … as they were moved by the Holy Ghost" (2 Pet. 1:21)
® A New Testament prophet is a person who proclaims the word of God (Act.11:28; Eph.3:5)
® Believers in the New Testament did not possess Bible, God revealed them the truth and mysteries (1 Cor.13:2)
® Today only forth telling prophetical ministries.
® A Prophet is a fore-teller or a forth-teller.
® The office of the Apostles and of the prophets is foundational and thus temporary - no longer exists (Eph.2: 20, 3:5; 1 Cor. 13:8-10).
® No more revelation today but only illumination.
® There are many warnings in the Bible about false prophets. "Many false prophets are gone out into the world" (1 Jn.4:1; Mat.7:15, 24:11)
An evangelist is the gospel preacher.
® The only man in the New Testament spoken of as being an evangelist was Philip (Acts 21:8).
® Timothy was asked to do the work of an evangelist.
® He is the usual instrument used of God in gathering souls to Christ.
® He is the bearer of good news. Travel from place to place to preach the gospel.
® Needs a definite call for the mission.
® All are witnesses, but only some evangelists (Act 21:8)
® As their name would suggest, are heralds of the glad tidings, preachers of the Gospel of the grace of God.
® He brings in the sheep into the church.
® Evangelist belongs to church. No freelance evangelists. That is unhealthy and unscriptural.
The office of he Pastor and teacher can be one and the same person. That is why the expression 'some' is not added before 'teacher'. One office with two functions – pasturing and teaching.
® Three words used for Elder/Pastor.
(1) 'Presbuteros' means Elder/Elderly person (Acts 14:23) - Shows Experience.
(2) 'Episcopos' means Overseer/Bishop (Acts 20:28) - Shows Position.
(3) 'Poimen' means Pastor/Shepherd (Acts 20:28) -Shows Function (Rom.12:7; 1Tim.3:2)
® Shepherd tends and protects the flock, Teachers feed the flock. These duties are related.
® The Lord has taken care of the administration and keeping of His church. It is Theocracy, not democracy. He rules His Church by His men (Act.20: 28).
® Plurality – Rather than a single elder system, NT teaches the plurality of elders (Act. 14:23, Tit. 1:5; Jam.5:14)-The singular being reserved only for Jesus Christ, the Head of the Church.
® Locality – Elders span of responsibility is local (1 Pet. 5:2, Act.20:28). Evangelists have a larger sphere, 'the world'. Every local church is autonomous or self-governing. The NT does not teach Dioceacan episcopacy or one pastor governing one church or many churches together.
® The appointment of elders in the local church is the work of the Holy Spirit (Acts 20:28). If people are found exercising the gifts of the Spirit, then they are merely “pointed out”(Act.14:23; Tit.1:15).
® Desiring the place of bishop is a good work (1 Tim.3:1). It is not selfish but spiritual.
® Qualification of the Elders. 1 Tim.3: 1-7 & Tit.1: 5-9 outlines for us the spiritual qualifications of elders. If a man has other qualifications besides these, like social, economic or educational which would enhance his effectiveness as an elder, they would be welcome. However, spiritual qualifications are basic. The leaders in all spheres need to be exemplary (1 Cor.11: 1, 2 Tim. 3:10,11; 1 Tim.4: 12)
® The responsibility of the oversight is local as they are.
(1) Shepherding – Feed the flock (1 Pet. 5:1-3, Act.20: 28.
(2) Watching (Heb.13: 17)
(3) Leading (Heb. 13:7) This is by being examples (1 Pet. 5:3)
(4) Governing (Heb) 13:7, 17,24.
(5) Laboring (1 Thes. 5:12)
(6) Praying (Jas.5: 14)
(7) Stewarding (Heb.13: 17) – Accountable.
Lesson - 20
giffts of the Holy SPIRIT - Motivational
God gives gifts to every believer (1Cor.12:7) as He wills (1 Cor.12:11). It is for the profit all ultimately for the glory of God (1 Pet.4:11). We are just stewards of the manifold grace of God (1Pet.4:10). As we have seen Spiritual gifts can be divided into three groups - Ministerial (Eph. 4:11, Manifestational (1 Cor. 12:7-11) and motivational (Rom. 12:6-8). Trinity is involved in giving the gifts. All gifts are from the Father (Jas.1:17) provided by the Son (Eph.4:11) administrated by the Holy Spirit (1 Cor.12:11). In 1 Corinthians 12 the giver is the Spirit. In Eph.4 the giver is the Son. In Romans 12 the giver is God the Father. Motivational gifts are permanent gifts given to the church whole church age. These gifts include speaking and serving gifts. These are the manifold gifts given us for equipping the saints, for work of the ministry and the building up of the body. The word uses here is 'Charisma' which means grace gift. There are seven gifts in this list.
1. Gift of Prophecy
® 'Propheteia' has the literal meaning of speaking forth, with no connotation of prediction or other supernatural or mystical significance.
® The gift of prophecy in 1 Cor.12:8-12, may take in the form of fore telling, but here it is as forth telling - as the rest of the gifts in the list are permanent nothing to do with revelatory gift.
® Today there is no fore-teller but only forth teller.
® 1 Cor.14:3, 1 Pet. 4:11; 1 Cor.14:24,25 etc explain the prophecy as forth telling.
® Prophet here is a person with special gift of proclaiming the truth.
2. Gift of Help
® This is 'Diakoinia' means service.
® It has a meaning of a servant, attendant or a minister. See Lk.22:26,27; Act.20:35; 1 Cor.12:28.
® People with this gift generally prefer to work behind the scenes.
® This gift is usually accompanied with an attitude of servant with humility and sacrifice.
® Our Lord is a perfect example Mat.20:28; Jn.16:5.
3. Gift of Teaching
® The gift of teaching is the God-given ability to understand and communicate biblical truth in a clear and relevant manner so that there is understanding and application.
® It is interpreting and applying the word of God. This requires learning, studying, researching etc.
® This is a gift with much responsibilities. See. Jas.3:1
® Examples are Aquila and Priscilla (Acts 18:26), Paul (Acts 19:8-10; 20:20), Timothy (1 Tim. 4:11,13; 6:2) and godly women (Titus 2:2-4).
® Jesus Christ was the master teacher (Mat.4:23; 7:28,29)
4. Gift of Exhortation
® This word has broad connotation. 'Parakleo' is the compound word of 'para' and 'kaleo' which literally means 'calling some one to one's side.
® This gift has a wider idea of advising, encouraging, warning, strengthening and comforting.
® The word is closely related to 'parakletos' used of Jesus (1 Jn.2:1) and of the Holy Spirit (Jn.14:16; 15:26).
® In Act.4:36 we have 'Joses surnamed Barnabas'. Barnabas means 'son of consolation' Joses means 'he shall add'. Unless adding Christian virtues in us, we cannot be comforters.
5. Gift of Giving
® Giving is a spiritual gift. Giving means sharing and imparting that which is ones.
® "What believers do with their money is one of the truest measures of their spiritual maturity" (J. Macarthur).
® Having money is not wrong in itself. The Bible does not teach that being wealthy is a sin. Some of the OT saints were extremely wealthy, e.g. Abraham, Job and Solomon.
® But the love of money is the root of all sorts of evil. (1Tim.6:10). Eg. of Demas (2 Tim.4:10)
® This is giving sacrificially (Lk.3:8,11; Lk.19:8; Eph. 4:28; 1 Thes.2:28). With simplicity means with single heartedness, openheartedly or generously. But see Mt.6:2; Act.5:10. Ref. to 2 Cor .8:2-5; 9:6.
® Jesus distinguished between giving and the gift of giving (Lk.21:1-4). The rich gave much, but the widow manifested the gift of giving when she gave all she had.
® Willingly (2Cor.8:3,11,12), Cheerfully(2Cor.9:7;Act.20:35), Systematically (1Cor.16:2) Sacrificially (2 Cor.8:2)
® All believers should give, but God has entrusted the gift of giving only to some.
6. Gift of Leading
® The basic meaning is of standing before, hence the idea of leadership.
® In the NT it is never used of governmental leadership but of the leadership in the family (1 Tim.3:4,5,12) and the church (1 Tim.5:7).
® In Act.27:11 and Rev.18:17 it is used of a pilot or a helmsman of a ship.
® Administration or Leading is the God-given capacity to organize and administer with such efficiency and spirituality
7. Gift of Mercy
® 'Eleeo' carries the idea of activity demonstrating sympathy and having the necessary resources to successfully comfort and strengthen that person.
® It is feeling put into action. Compassion and action.
® The high priest carried the names of the tribes on the breast place and the shoulders.
® Lord had compassion and action always. We should have bowels of mercies (Col.3:12)
® All believers received mercy form God, and all should show mercy to others. However some have received the gift of mercy.
® Jesus exemplified the gift of mercy when he was moved by a shepherd less people (Mt 9:36), felt compassion towards huge crowds needing to be cured (Mat 14:14), and moved with compassion by the hungry masses (Mat 15:32).
Lesson - 21
giffts of the Holy SPIRIT - sign gifts
1 Cor.12: 7-11 gives the list of sign gifts. They are known as manifestation gifts. Or we can call them temporary/foundational gifts. Among the three passages of gifts (1 Cor.12:7-11, Rom.12:6-8, Eph.4:11), 1 Corinthians written first (AD.56), Rom.12 (AD.57) and Eph.4 in (AD.60-61). As there were misuses of these gifts Paul was correcting them in 1 Cor.12-14. There is no debate over God's power, or even miracles, all true Christians know that miracles happen every day: every time a person places his trust in Christ the greatest miracle occurs.
1. Context of sign gift
® NT Corinth was filled with mystery religion. Several pagan practices were influential (12:2).
® Holy Spirit had performed many miraculous works in that apostolic age, some Corinthian Christians confused those wonders with false wonders counterfeited in the ecstasies on paganism.
® First Corinthians was one of the earliest written epistles of the NT, yet even a short period of time Satan had began to confuse believers about many doctrines, practices and signs.
® Satan started counterfeiting the Spirit's gifts because he knew they are so valuable in God's plan. One of the biggest problems in the Corinthian church was the disorder in the public meetings, also they had disorder in women's role, disorder in Lord's supper etc.
® Some of them were misusing the gifts. Paul corrects their errors in chapter 12-13.
® They were ignorant of what exactly Spiritual gifts were (Ch.12:1). Paul wants to make sure that the Corinthians have a clear and complete understanding of their Spiritual Gifts.
® They had plenty of Spiritual gifts (1:7), but did not know how to use it, so Paul answers them (7:1)
2. Concept of sign gift
® Miracles and wonders are always given in the bible to establish a purpose.
® Signs are indications.
® Signs were given to prove something. In the Bible we can see only three notable periods when miracles used by God – all with some purposes
· During the period of Moses - to prove that he was the leader of God
· During the periods of Elijah and Elisha – to bring back people from apostasy to God
· During the period of Jesus and Apostles: to Show the Jesus was Messiah and the messages of apostles were given by God.
® Sings and wonders are always used to confirm God's word (Heb.2:3-4).
® Sign for the unbeliever (1 Cor.14: 22) especially for unbelieving Jews (14:21). Channel for divine revelation (14:2) because God’s written revelation was not complete by that time.
3. Confusion in sign gift
® Christian world is so much confused and debating with one another over the sign gifts.
® Many are deceived and carried away by many strange doctrines.
® The debate is whether these gifts have continued or have ceased.
® The issue is not whether God is still powerful enough to work such miracles. Rather, the issue is whether he does so through individuals as special emissaries of his power.
4. Contents in sign gifts: There are nine spiritual gifts in this category.
1. The gift of Wisdom:
The discernment and insight in the ways and purpose of God. Word of Wisdom a spiritual understanding about situations, and able to teach that awareness to others. In those days they had no NT to which they could turn for guidance, God provided special wisdom in order to meet such situation.
2. The gift of Knowledge:
understanding the hidden matters. Special knowledge. Eg. of Peter Act.5:1-11. Word of Knowledge - knowing the mind of God and speaking it even though not written down in Scripture yet. Knowledge does not refer to knowledge acquired by study, but it was divinely imparted.
3. The gift of Faith:
Not saving faith Rom.5:1, Not living faith Gal.5:6. The supernatural gift of faith is the extraordinary capacity to believe God to do something specifically for you – i.e., work miracles on your behalf. The added gift of faith is the ability to trust that God will work specifically for you as you pray about something like to move a mountain, to fight and defeat an enemy, to give you an ability (like Sampson prayed for the strength to push apart two support pillars in a Philistine temple)
4. The gift of Healings:
The early church lived in a world were healing miracles were a common place. If a Jew was ill, he was much more likely to go a Rabbi than to a doctor. The word is in plural, 'healings'. The gospels as well as Acts abound with such records. It was necessary to prove the authority of God's word. This gift is not operative today. As time passed, it became clear that the gift was waning. Gift of healing began to fade during Paul's time itself.
Paul's thorn in the flesh, Timothy's disturbed stomach; Trophimus sickness, Epoproditus illness etc. were not immediately dealt with apostolic power. If a person is ill, he must come to the elders they will anoint him with oil (Jas.5:14). God does heal today in response to prayer. He is Jerhovah Raphah (Ex.15:26-27)
5. The gift of Miracles:
Gift of miracles is the ability to do supernatural works of power. Miraculous work. God can, does, do whatever God wants to do. Jesus never did a single miracle for the first 30 years of His life (Jn.2:11). A miracle acts as a sign pointing to God's revelation to create wonder in the minds of people. Miracles are always done in connection with an apostle in the NT. Miracles validated apostle's ministries. Turning water into wine (Jn.2), feeding five thousand (Jn. ), rising of Dorcas (Act.9:40) Smiting of Elymas with blindness (At.13:11), raising of Eutychus (Act.20:10). God performs miracles today, but the gift of miracles is not in use today.
6. The gift of Prophesies:
A prophet spoke by direct revelation from God. Basically, a prophet had the ability to receive direct revelation from God and then to communicate that revelation to men. A teacher in contrast, ministers from the already completed revelations. 2 Pet. 2:1 indicates that prophets have been replaced by teachers. Prophecy is necessary only for additional revelation. Since there is no longer a need for prophecy, the gift of prophecy came to an end with the completion of the New Testament. "Love never fails; but if there are gifts of prophecy, they will be done away" (1 Cor. 13:8).
7. The gift of Discernment:
This is a gift of discerning, whether the message being given was of the Holy Spirit, or whether it emanated from an evil spirit. An example can be seen in Act.16:16-18.
8. The gift of Tongue:
Gift of tongues is a God-given ability to speak in a language that is unknown to the speaker but known to the hearer. "So then tongues are for a sign, not to those who believe, but to unbelievers" (1 Cor. 14:22), that gentiles were to be part of the body of Christ.
9. The gift of Interpretation:
Ability to translate what the tongue speaker speaks. The gift of interpreting tongues was the supernatural ability to understand a foreign language without special training, and then to communicate the message to other believers.
5. Cessation of sign gifts
® Moses performed a series of miracles. However, they did not continue throughout the Old Testament.
® Canon is closed, so no need for any more revelation.
® The Word of God is authenticated, so no need for any more signs.
® These were signs given to confirm the word (Mk.16:17-18). It is confirmed (Mk.16:20, Heb.2:3-4). Now no need of sign. Illust. Indicators.
® It is a sign gift. Sign gifts are only to confirm the word (Mk.16:17-18, 16:20, Heb.2:3-4).
® Sign gifts are only in 1 Corinthians (early books) after that there is no mention of sign gifts
® The execution of sign gifts is stopped in first century itself. Paul couldn’t heal Trophemus, Timothy etc.
® Completion of the revelation of the Word of God put an end to the special revelations (1 Cor. 13:8-10)
® None of these nine gifts are operative today
‘That which is perfect’ refers to the word of God. It cannot be the second coming of Christ as some think. 'Perfect' is used in neuter gender – should be a thing not a person. That which is in part is prophecies, tongues and knowledge. These were actually the means of giving the revelation to the people in the early time. When those, which were in part, is put together that is the 'perfect'. Thus it is the Word of God in its final form.
Lesson - 22
giffts of the Holy SPIRIT - discovery
Some Christians are confused about Spiritual gifts. Some are not even aware that a Spiritual gift exists. Some do not seem to appreciate the importance of Spiritual gifts. Some people even abuse or neglect them. Some people believe that spiritual gifts are essentially irrelevant to Christian service because gifts were given only to the early Church. Some people believe that important matter today is maturity, not gifts. On the other side some people say you cannot even begin to serve unless you are sure of your spiritual gifts. We have already seen that the Triune God has given Spiritual gifts to each believer for the profit of all to edify and equip the church as He will (1 Cor. 12:7-13; Rom.12:3-6; Eph.4:12; 1 Pet.4:10). But the problem is how one can find out his / her spiritual gift. The following five points are imported to be noted:
® First of all Spiritual gifts are to be distinguished from other general commandments and other abilities.
® Gifts need to be distinguished from the fruit of the Spirit. Gifts deal with our ability to do, whereas fruit manifests what we are.
® Spiritual gifts are not an indication or Spirituality.
® There are three categories of gifts in every Christian's life:
· Natural abilities: God given at birth (musical talents, linguistic abilities, mechanical aptitude etc)
· Acquired abilities: Acquire by practices such as speaking, writing, learning, administering etc.
· Spiritual gifts: God given abilities at the time of regeneration: Spiritual gift is received at the time of regeneration. This doesn’t mean that immediately after the regeneration he is in employment of the gifts.
· Eg. Levites were numbered for service from the age of one month (Num.3:15) Employed at the age of thirty (Num.4:3, 23, 30). They were in probation from 25 years (Num.8:24).
· Joshua under Moses (Ex.33: 11); Elisha under Elijah (2 Kg.3:11)
· Paul was converted in Act.9, then he was trained in ministry. Appointment came in ch.13.
2. Desire (1 Cor. 14:1, 12:31)
® Not for our selfish desire, but for the Body of Christ, seeing the need. Desiring the place of bishop is a good work (1 Tim.3:1). It is not selfish but spiritual.
® Desire Spiritual gifts because it is God given - divine. Given by God the Father (Rom.12:3, God the Son (Eph.4:7, 11), the Holy Spirit (1 Cor.12:7-11)
® Distributed as: 'as He wills' (1 Cor.12:11b) 'according to the grace that given (Rom.12:6)
® Distributed to 'each one' (1 Cor.12:7; 1 Pet.4:10a)
® No one in the church is left without a gift. (1Pet.4:10). Every Christian is the recipient of some gift (1 Cor.12:7,13).
® But no believer has all the gifts, if they did, then the metaphor of body in 1 Cor.12 would be meaningless.
® God has given manifold gifts (Eph.4:11; 1 Cor.12:7-11; Rom. 12:6-8; 1 Pet.4:11).
® Every believer has different gifts. A body is not made up of one member but of many, all with different functions. It is one body with a diversity of members, each with its own function (1 Cor.12:14-20)
3. Discover: Every believer has to find out his / her gift (s). There is no short cut to find out our spiritual gifts as some people does (surveys etc). There are some steps.
® Examine faculties:
This means see what abilities the Lord has given us. The Lord will never expect us to do any work for which He has not already equipped us. Every believer is given one or more ability when they are born again. Just as we get natural abilities with our natural birth we get spiritual abilities when we are born again.
® Be active in the Lord's work
Gifts are discovered and developed by activities. If one seeking to discover his/her gift, then do not turn down the opportunities to serve the Lord. See whether we have an interest or an urge within to exercise that function. Phil 2.13. Sometimes the Lord has given us the gift and time has not come to exercise it.
® Observe the opportunities
See the opportunities available for us. God given openings. Take the advantage of the opportunities. When we exercise with our ability in the Lord's will that shall benefit others. If it is not beneficial to others, it is better not to exercise the gifts.
® Seek counsel
Seek counsel from mature godly men. Need to listen the counsel of those who are mature and spiritual. Church will recognize our spiritual gifts.
® We all are commanded to use our gift (1 Pet. 4:10) 'employ it'. Gifts need to be exercised.
® We need to take advantage of the opportunities to speak, teach, witness, assist, encourage etc
® Paul tells Timothy to “kindle the gift of God” which was in him (2 Tim.1: 16).
® The best way to develop gifts, to fan them into flame, is to use them.
® Gifts must be developed through study, practice and effort.
® As a steward of the grace of God we need to be faithful (1 Pet.4: 10)
® Distributed for 'the profit of all' (1 Cor.12:7b) to edify and equip the church (Eph.4:12)
® These gifts are given for the strengthening of the Church.
® A spiritual gift is a "manifestation of the Spirit" (I Cor. 12:7
® A church functioning as a gifted body is a beautiful display of the Spirit.
® Spiritual gifts are given "the common good" (1Cor.12)
® Must be submissive to the will of God, willing to do anything for Him.
® Be a good steward of the manifold grace of God (1Pet.4:10, 1Cor 9:16 & 17)
Lesson - 23
giffts of the Holy SPIRIT - speaking in tongues
In today’s Christendom there is so much confusion and misunderstanding concerning the biblical phenomenon of speaking in tongues. Thousands of people are misguided and carried away by Satan’s deception and counterfeit spiritual gifts. In the midst of such confusion and chaos we need to go back to the Bible to see what the Bible says about speaking in tongues. Scripture alone is our base not mere experiences. The controversy revolves around the question whether the gift is current in the church today or has it been withdrawn. The Old Testament no where describes the phenomenon of speaking in tongues. The Pentecostals and charismatic Tongue speaking movements teach that when a person is converted he receives life not power, this power is received after conversion in a subsequent experience with the evidence of speaking in tongues. So we need to deal with this sensitive issue thoughtfully, carefully and graciously. Let us prayerfully consider this subject in the light of the word of God.
1. Meaning of Speaking in Tongues: What is the meaning of Speaking in Tongues?
1. It is a God given ability: Gift of tongues is a God-given ability to speak in a language that is unknown to the speaker but known to the hearer (1 Cor.12:7-11).
2. It is a language: The Greek word for tongue is 'glossa' mentioned 50 times in the NT. It is used to refer to the physical organ of the tongue (Jas.3:5) the remaining usages of the word it always means a language, nowhere to an ecstatic speech. New Testament Tongue was a language.
3. It is not speaking in unknown tongue: It is not speaking in an 'unknown' tongue but in other tongue (Act.2:4). The word ‘unknown’ in KJV is most unfortunate and misunderstanding. (1 Cor.14: 2,4,5,13,39). The word unknown is not in the original that is why it is used in Italics.
4. It is not mere sound or noise: or irrational gibberish or meaningless babbles. Becoming excited, emotional, even hyper-emotional, even ecstatic, then bursting forth with whatever sounds of mouth are not meant by speaking in tongue.
5. It is not a heavenly language. Paul says that heavenly language is unspeakable and unlawful for a man to speak (2 Cor.12:4 cf. 1Cor.13:1). Heavenly language is for celestial beings not for men.
2. Mentions of Speaking in Tongues: Biblical Records of speaking in tongues:
® Tongues are mentioned only in three books in the Bible.
1. Mk.16:17: Jesus predicted tongues as one of the gifts that would be expressed in the time of the Apostles' ministry.
2. Acts. Ch. 2,10,19: The three records of speaking in tongues by three different group of people.
3. 1 Cor.12, 13,14: Paul reproves the Corinthians for misusing the gift and setting the rules and regulations for speaking in Tongues.
® The incidents of speaking in tongues are only described in the book of Acts, in the three cases when new groups of believers were introduced into the Church. Church a new thing on the earth, any thing new comes … will be with signs.
1. Act.2:2-11: In Jerusalem on the day of Pentecost-spoken by apostles (Jews) inaugurates a new era of God’s redemptive program for man. The wonderful works of God were proclaimed that day to people of about 17 different languages, representing the entire inhabited world of that time - Asia, Africa and Europe.
2. Act.10:44-48: In the house of Cornelius spoken by gentiles. The manifestation of tongues in Cornelius’ conversion was to announce the communication of God’s to Gentiles, Cornelius represents the Roman.
3. Act.19:1-7: In Ephesus spoke by the disciples of John the Baptist (OT believers). The manifestation of tongues at Ephesus may be understood in the context of the Gospel outreach to the Greeks or to the “uttermost parts of the world”. Ephesus stood at the cross roads of Europe and Asia.
3. ministry of Speaking in Tongue: The purpose of speaking in tongues.
1. The primary purpose of speaking in tongue was to communicate the gospel message. It was a revelatory gift. In all three tongues speaking accounts (Act.2, 10 & 19), we see the purpose was to communicate the Gospel - its purpose was missionary and evangelistic.
2. Second to confirm the authenticity of the apostle's message. It was not merely a communicating a message but a confirmatory sign as well. When they went about preaching the Gospel, their message was confirmed by the exercise of the sign gifts (Heb. 2:2-4)
3. Third it was a Sign - that the Spirit of God had, sign for the unbelieving Jews - a sign of judgment (1 Cor.14: 21,22) that God started dealing with gentile also.
4. Minuteness of Speaking in Tongue: Subordinate nature of the gift of speaking in tongues.
1. Tongues was one of the lesser gifts of the Spirit, not the greatest (1 Cor.14:5). Paul prefers prophecy to tongues (14:4,5)
2. Paul over in 1 Corinthians categorically says that not all speak with tongues (12:30).
3. Paul restricts or discourages its use in the Church, There should be no speaking in tongues, except it is followed by an interpretation (14:18)
4. Believers are not to seek after tongues, for tongues is a sign not to those who believe, but to those who believe not (14:22)
5. Of all the epistles of Paul, tongues is mentioned only in 1 Cor (55 AD). The absence of tongues in the list of spiritual gifts in the other epistles namely, Romans (60 AD) and Ephesians (65 AD) is probably indicative of the fact that the gift had already ceased or at least that Paul did not consider it vital as the other gifts he did enumerate.
5. Method of Speaking in Tongue:
Rules and regulations given specifically with regard to tongue speaking. Four rules are set by Paul and it is a must because he uses the word 'Let him' not a request or exhortation but an absolute commandment.
1. Two at the most three should speak in tongue (1 Cor.14: 27a) Not all expected to speak (1 Cor.12: 29,30). In a big congregation like Corinth the use of tongue is restricted.
2. They must speak in turn (1 Cor.14: 27b) other wise there will be total chaos, confusion, disorder
3. There must be interpretation (1 Cor.14: 27c) If no translation, let him keep silent (1 Cor.14: 28)
4. Women are never to do it, for they are to remain silent and not to speak in tongues at the meetings of the church (1 Cor.14:34-36).
6. mistakes about Speaking in Tongues: Mistakes in today's so called Tongue movements.
1. It is a mistake to say that speaking in tongue is an evidence of receiving the Holy Spirit.
2. It is a mistake to assume that speaking in tongues is synonymous with the baptism of the Holy Spirit. It is unscriptural teaching which says that all who are baptized by the Holy Spirit will speak in tongues.
3. It is a mistake to assume that speaking in tongues is an evidence of being filled with the Spirit. All believers are commanded to “be filled with (controlled by) the Spirit” (Eph. 5:18), but nowhere in Scripture are believers commanded to speak in tongues.
4. It is a mistake to assume that speaking in tongues is the fruit of the Spirit. The fruit of the Spirit results from being filled with the Spirit (Gal.5:22-23)
5. It is a mistake to assume that speaking in tongues is an evidence of one’s faith. To the contrary, the persons who seek signs and sign-gifts show their lack of faith “tongues are for a sign, not to them that believe, but to them that believe not” (1 Cor.14:22)
6. It is a mistake to seek the gift of speaking in tongues. Please note that the gifts were given “as He will,” not as we will, “as it hath pleased Him” (vs. 18), not us.
7. It is a mistake for a woman to speak in tongues. “Let your women keep silence in the churches: for it is not permitted unto them to speak . . .” (1 Cor. 14:34-36). But it’s well known that in these movements women are more vocal than men.
8. It is a mistake to assume that all should speak in tongues. Not all spoke in Tongues - all of them-the 3000 that were saved on the day of Pentecost (2:38), all those whom the Lord added to the Church daily (2:47), the 5000 who believed (4:4)
7. Moving of Speaking in Tongue: Removal of speaking in tongues.
1. The purpose is fulfilled:
· It was to communicate the Gospel, it served as a revelatory gift, there was no scripture available then: In Act.2 - on the Day of Pentecost, In Cornelius's house (Act.10), In Ephesus to the disciples of John the Baptist (Act.19)
· It was to confirm the message. Tongues was one of those apostolic signs announcing the arrival of a new age and to authenticate the mission of the apostles (Heb.2:3-4; 2 Cor.12:12). Therefore, with the passing of the 12 apostles these signs were withdrawn too. Sign gifts are only to confirm the word (Mk.16:17-18). It is confirmed (Mk.16:20, Heb.2:3-4). Tongue is mentioned only in 1 Cor (55 AD). The absence of tongues in the list of spiritual gifts in the other epistles namely, Romans (60 AD) and Ephesians (65 AD) is probably indicative of the fact that the gift had already ceased.
2. It was a Sign gift: Second, tongues were identified as a sign to unbelieving Israel. They signified God had begun a new work which encompassed the Gentiles, and once that message was made, and that was made clear to Israel, it was really not necessary to keep repeating it.
3. There is a scriptural proof that these gifts would cease (1 Cor.13:8)
· Charity never faileth: but whether there be prophecies, they shall fail; whether there be tongues, they shall cease; whether there be knowledge, it shall vanish away (1 Cor.13:8)
· The subject in Ch.13 is the permanency of the greatest gift that that is love. There are three virtues will abide for ever - faith, hope and love (v.13).
· V. 8 teach that while prophecies and knowledge shall be rendered in-operative, and tongues shall cease, love never fails. "Prophecies, they shall fail; whether there be tongues, they shall cease; whether there be knowledge, it shall vanish away".
· The real question in this matter of the cessation of tongues is not whether but when. Tongue will cease 'when that which is perfect comes'.
· 'That which is perfect' cannot be the second coming of Christ as some think. 'Perfect' is used in neuter gender - should be a thing not a person.
· 'That which is perfect' cannot be the heavenly state. Because faith, hope and love should abide even after that which is perfect comes.
· ‘That which is perfect’ refers to the word of God. That which is in part is prophecies, tongues and knowledge. All three belong to the revelatory process, and this process is said to be incomplete. These were actually the means of giving the revelation to the people in the early time. When those, which were in part, is put together that is the 'perfect'. Thus it is the Word of God in its final form. That which is perfect here is unquestionably the finality of revelation in its completed form. The Church universally accepts that revelation has ceased. All the truth that God ever willed to reveal to man is what is contained in the 66 books of the Bible.
From second century to 19th century there is no record of speaking in tongues. What we are hearing today is not language, and if it is not a language then it is not the Biblical gift of language. The purpose of speaking in tongue is fulfilled during the age of apostles itself.
Lesson - 24
giffts of the Holy SPIRIT - display
We have seen that spiritual gifts are to be displayed, because gifts are given for the profit of all (1Cor.12:7). We have the duty to develop the gifts, "kindle your gifts" (1 Tim.1:16). At least three gifts - Gift of prophecy, gift of teaching and gift of exhortation (Rom.12:6-8) are coming under speaking gifts. We need to equip ourselves in presenting God's word in a proper, systematic and effective way.
Homiletics is the art of preaching. It is the ability to communicate the teachings of Scripture in a way that the listener can understand. Homiletics derived from the Greek from homilein which means to converse, communicate. "They all went back upstairs and ate the Lord's Supper together; then Paul preached (homileo) another long sermon" (Acts 20:11) "A word fitly spoken is like apples of gold in pictures of silver" (Pro.25:11). Jesus Christ was the preacher's preacher. "no man spoke like this man" (Jn.7:46). Preaching is communication of the truth.
Preaching is the art of communicating divine truth through human personality. A preacher is essentially a communicator. He receives truth from God and communicates it effectively to men. God gives the revelation; man provides the presentation. This ministry is one of the greatest privileges given to mortal man. It is also one of the most awesome responsibilities of a man.
o He must be spiritually qualified – born again, baptized, with fellowship with brethren.
o He must be chosen by God for the ministry.
o He must be available for God
o He must be a man of prayer. The preacher must learn how to be still in the presence of God, and discern the voice of the Lord speaking within his own spirit.
o He must have a good testimony, Be a clean vessel
o He should be committed to the ministry (1 Tim.4:15)
o He must know the need of the hearer, for that he needs to be a man of church
o He must be a person reading and studying bible regularly, He must have a desire for the word God - faithful to the word of God.
o He must be a practicer of the Word. "they made me the keeper of the vineyards, but mine own vineyard have I not kept." (S of S 1:6)
o He must be a person able to divide the word rightly (2 Tim.2:15)
· There are two common mistakes that people tend to make in regard to preparation
o "Preparation Unnecessary". A favorite scripture of such people is Psalm 81:10: "...open thy mouth wide and I will fill it."
o "Human Ability is Enough": The second mistake goes almost to the other extreme. In this instance, a complete confidence is placed in preparation and human ability. There is little or no dependence on the Holy Spirit.
· Development of a message
o Understand the need of the situation - gospel message, word ministry, youngsters, or children etc…
o Select a sermon type: Understand the need then decide which type of sermon you prepare - Textual, Topical, Expository etc.
o Select a text prayerfully and carefully, an appropriate passage of Scripture according to the need of the audience. Never select a subject which causes dispute, division and strife.
o Study the passage carefully from every angle, then study it carefully, verse by verse.
v Read it through several times until you begin to become very familiar with it.
v Meditate the portion
v Seek the Holy Spirit's Illumination.
v Use study tools - but Bible must be the authority
v Interpretation of the scripture is very important - keep the hermeneutical laws.
o Seek a Theme Relevant to the People's Present Situation, God always has "present truth" that He wants to speak to His people (2 Pet 1:12).
o Prepare it, write it down in paper.
o Before presenting saturate the whole things in prayer
Within homiletics there includes the need to speak clearly, effectively, and genuinely. The development of a Scripture text into a sermon is like putting flesh on bones.
· Division: The sermon may be seen as putting across an argument containing an introduction (foundation), the topic to be discussed (the building), and a conclusion (roof).
o Introduction (Prologue): Introduction may well be the most important part of message, for if you do not win your listeners' attention in this initial period, they may pay little attention to the remainder of your sermon. It Does Not Promise More Than You Can Deliver, It Should Not Be Too Sensational, It Should Not Be Too Long, It Should Bear Obvious Relationship to Your Theme, and It Should Provide a Natural Transition Into Your Theme. Well began is half done.
o Body of the Message: the main content of the message. It is the building. Can be divided into sub points.
o Conclusion (Epilogue): Appeal to the mind. Application is a necessary - so what? Summarize your talk. Restate it briefly. Appeal to the will. Seek to persuade. Appeal to the emotions. Try to motivate.
· Principles of delivering the message
o Clarity: message should be clear, do not try to be too profound or mysterious. Language is very significant. Use simple language. Simple short sentences.
o Consistency: Keep your comments consistent with the theme you are expounding.
o Continuity: There should also be a clear progression of thought.
o Concise: Aim to be brief. It is far better to have your audience wishing that you would continue, than to have them wishing you had finished previously.
o Comprehensive to be comprehensive, means to cover the subject as fully as possible.
· Practical Tips in Presentation
o Be your self: Don’t try to imitate another preacher.
o Don’t develop a religious voice: Pulpit voice shouldn’t be different from their normal one; this conveys a sense of insincerity.
o Keep the tone balanced: Do not speak too softly. Make sure that everyone in your audience can hear you clearly, do not shout also
o Dress Appropriately: Your appearance should never detract from your ability to communicate with your audience. Ideally, you should dress rather modestly, in a manner which is not likely to offend anyone.
o Learn to stand properly: On most occasions it is proper to stand when addressing an audience. You should stand firmly on both feet, giving yourself a good solid stance.
o Learn to move naturally: gestures not overdone or less done should be moderated. Your body conveys a message as well as your voice. It is important how you conduct yourself while speaking. The key to proper movement is to let it be natural. Avoid unnecessary physical gesticulations.
o Establish and maintain eye contact: with your audience your eyes convey a message too! Don't stare into space or above the heads of the listeners. Look directly at the people you are addressing.
o Keep appropriate Facial Expressions: Remember That Facial Expressions are Important, The look on your face conveys a message very eloquently. Avoid any extreme facial expressions unless you are emphasizing some particular point. Above all, let your facial expressions be natural, and let them be appropriate to your theme and topic.
Unlike a speech or a public address, which is usually for the entertainment of an audience, the sermon is the proclamation of God’s eternal word. We are stewards of the manifold grace of God. We ought to be good stewards (Cor. 4:2). Purposes of homiletics are the following.
- Conversion of sinners, 1 Cor.14.24,25.
- Edification of believers, 1 Cor.14.12,26; Eph.4.12.
- Glory of God 1 Pt.4.11. God in all things may be glorified
Lesson - 25
the Holy SPIRIT in future
What would be the role of the Holy Spirit in the future? Future work of the Holy Spirit is not attracted the attention of many scholars. Many of the theological works of scholars keep silent in this area. All the three persons of the Trinity have been active from the moment of creation. Thus the Spirit has been active always. From the scripture it is quite clear that the Spirit's work will be quite different than His present work.
Neglect of Future work of the Holy Spirit
The factors in this defect are largely due to misunderstanding future events. There are generally three basic divisions of the treatment of future things.
· Postmillennialism: this view hold that the millennium will be fulfilled by the preaching of the Gospel in this present age.
· Amillennialism: This view holds that there is neither tribulation nor millennium. This present age accompanies in the eternal state. So no study of the future work of the Holy Spirit is required.
· Premillennialism: teaches that the millennium will be introduced by Jesus Christ after His return to this earth to reign. The tribulation will precede this millennium. There are three kinds of premillennialism:
o Post tribulationism which teaches that Christ comes for the church after the tribulation and immediately returns with the saints to rule on earth;
o Mid-tribulationism which teaches that the church will be raptured in the middle of the tribulation.
o Pretribulationism which teaches the church will be raptured out, followed by the great tribulation, and then will come the millennium upon Christ's return with the believers.
1. Spirit in Tribulation
After the church is removed, the great tribulation begins. The Holy Spirit still has work in that period of time. Tribulation period is the seven years unprecedented trouble (Dan.9:27; Mat.24:22) and divided into two halves of three and half years each. The latter half is known as the great tribulation.
· Restrainer Removed
o Before the tribulation starts He will be taken out of the way. In this time He shall not be personally located in the earth. 2 Thes. 2.6-8; Rev.5.6.
o This does not mean, however, that the Holy Spirit ceases to have any work here on earth. The Holy Spirit will be present on earth as He was in the Old Testament.
· There shall be conversions
o It is wrong to assume those enter tribulation are forever lost. There shall be conversions, Rev.7.4; 14.4; 7.9,14; Rom.11.25; Zech.13.1; 12.10.
o Many souls will be saved during this period. Israel's blindness is removed (Rom.11:25) and thousands among the Israel turn to their long neglected Messiah. Among gentiles too there will be conversion from every nation and tongue (Rev.7:9-17)
o In view of the great wickedness and apostasy of the tribulation period, the Holy Spirit's work in salvation is absolutely essential.
· There shall be witnessing
o At least 144,000 will be especially anointed by the Holy Spirit for the special work they are to do--Revelation 7:1-8.
o There shall be Witnessing, Zech.4.1-6; Rev.11.3, 4; Joel 2.
o In the light of these facts, it is essential that the Holy Spirit minister during this period. In all these Spirit’s activity is essential. But this activity shall after the pattern in the OT. The restraining work of the Holy Spirit will be totally removed (2 Thes. 2:7)
· Spirit's work is limited
o The work of the Holy Spirit in the tribulation is limited. This can be seen in the very characteristic of the tribulation.
o Salvation is possible for believers; but believers will be fewer than in this present age. False doctrine will be at its peak and completely deceptive. Apostasy will also reach its peak.
o One sees, thus, that the work of the Spirit is to be very limited. His restraining work is removed (Cf. 2 Thessalonians 2:7).
2. Spirit in the Millennium
The millennial kingdom will be the most glorious of all the dispensation. There will be fullest display of righteousness, peace and prosperity. Christ will rule the earth, every nation will acknowledge Him. The knowledge of the Lord will be from sea to sea. Throughout the millennium Satan will be bound.
· Spirit's work in Restraining
o There will be sin in the millennium? At the beginning of the Millennium it appears that all shall be redeemed Man will continue to possess a sin nature with its inherent weakness, but there will be no outside temptation to arouse it.
· Spirit's Work in Salvation
o Salvation is needed during the millennium. All who enter the millennium will be saved. The generations of these who would enter the Kingdom need salvation. Those still in the flesh will have children who will need to be saved. Scripture indicates the fullness of salvation during the millennium (Isa.44:2-4; 60:21; Jer. 24:7; 31:31-34; Ez.36:25-31). This salvation includes Gentiles (Zech. 14:16)
o Here Spirit shall at work Jer.31.31-34; Eze.36.25-31; Zech.12.10; 14.16. Then the fullness of the Spirit shall be evident Isa.11.2,3; Jer.31.33; Joel.2.28,29.
3. Spirit in Eternity
We do not have many clues for tracing the work of the Spirit then. But 1 Cor.15.28 which is in relation with the Son can be applied here in connection to the Spirit also. Son Himself shall be subject to the Father. So the Spirit also shall be subject to the Father “that God may be all in all”. The Trinity shall dwell in mutual counsel and perfect concord eternally.